Remembrance Day has been observed since the end of the First World War to remember armed forces members who have died in the line of duty. In Australia, Remembrance Day is always observed on 11 November, regardless of the day of the week. In recent decades, Remembers Day has largely eclipsed as the national day of war commemoration by ANZAC Day.
About Remembrance Day in brief
Remembrance Day has been observed since the end of the First World War to remember armed forces members who have died in the line of duty. In Australia, Remembrance Day is always observed on 11 November, regardless of the day of the week. Services are held at 11 am at war memorials and schools in suburbs and cities across the country. In recent decades, Remembers Day has largely eclipsed as the national day of war commemoration by ANZAC Day, which is a public holiday in all states. Attendance at services at Anzac Day services boomed, while Remembrance services continued to be held on Sunday. Historian Romain Romain says Remembrance Sunday can acknowledge suffering and loss with a nod or a nod to a day of Remembrance or Anzac Sunday, which can be a better day of remembrance than Remembrance Monday. The day is also marked by war remembrances in many non-Commonwealth countries, such as the UK, Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. The service includes the sounding of the ‘Last Post’, followed by a period of silence, and a stylised night vigil at cenotaphs. The last post was the common bugle call at the close of the military day, and The Rouse was the first call of the morning. The first official Armistice Day was held on the grounds of Buckingham Palace the following morning. During the Second World War, many countries changed the name of the holiday. The US chose Veterans Day, while Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations adopted Remembrance day, while the US choseVeterans Day.
The common British, Canadian, South African, and ANZAG tradition includes a one- or two-minute silence at the 11th hour of the eleventh day ofthe eleventh month, as that marks the time when the armistice became effective. The traditional night vigil over the slain was not just to ensure they were indeed dead and not unconscious or in a coma, but also to guard them from being mutilated or despoiled by the enemy, or dragged off by scavengers. The act is enhanced by the use of dedicated cenOTaphs and the laying of wreaths—the traditional means of signalling high honours in ancient Greece and Rome. In interwar Australia, remembrance was a popular public commemoration. But from 1946 to the 1970s, Australians observed Remem remembrance Sunday following the British pattern. It is only in the 1980s and 1990s that Remem remembrance Day was once again systematically observed. In October 1997, under the Howard government, Governor-General proclaimed that ‘ 11 November each year shall be known and observed as one and the same.’ All Australians are urged to observe, unless impracticable, one minute’s silence at 11: 00: 00am each year on RemembranceDay. The resurgence of Remem remembrance day became official on October 30, 1997, when the Australian government proclaimed that Remembrance Week would be known as ‘11 November’.