Politics of Bihar
The Politics of Bihar, a state in eastern India, is characterised by dominance of regional political parties. Bihar is currently ruled by Janta Dal and Bhartiya Janata Party coalition. Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister of Bihar after Jitan Ram Manjhi was sacked. The state is divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts, for administrative purposes.
About Politics of Bihar in brief
The Politics of Bihar, a state in eastern India, is characterised by dominance of regional political parties. Bihar is currently ruled by Janta Dal and Bhartiya Janata Party coalition. The constitutional head of the Government of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. All the branches of the government are located in the state capital, Patna. The state is divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts, for administrative purposes. The various districts are included in the following divisions – Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh Division. Bihar was an important part of India’s struggle for independence. The first Bihar governments in 1946 were led by two eminent leaders Sri Babu and Anugrah Babu. After independence also, when India was falling into an autocratic rule during the regime of Indira Gandhi, the main thrust to the movement to hold elections came from Bihar under the leadership of Jayaprakash Narayan. In 1977, the Emergency officially ended on 23 March. The Congress Party, suffered a defeat at the hands of several small parties in 1977 and the alliance came to power. Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister of Bihar after Jitan Ram Manjhi was sacked. He resigned after Lok Sabha Polls in 2014 taking responsibility of JDU’s deplorable performance. During this period, a prominent leader like Satyendra Narayan Singh took sides with the Janata party and deserted congress from where his political roots originated, following the ideological differences with the congress.
He became the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India in 1977. In the general elections in 1977, all fifty-four Lok Sabha seats rose under the mentorship of Narayan, who became the Prime Minister. On 23 January 1977, Indira. Gandhi called for fresh elections for political prisoners and released all political prisoners. Munde, he founded the Citizens for Civil Liberties in 1974 and the People’s Union for Civil liberties in 1976, both NGOs were established to uphold civil liberties and defend civil liberties. In 1974, JP led the student’s movement in Bihar which gradually developed into a popular people’s movement known as the Bihar Movement. In 1976, he gave a call for peaceful \”Total Revolution\” & together with Vunde Varkar he founded Citizens for civil liberties in 1974. In 1978, he won the Lok Sabha elections and rose to the top of the list of candidates for the post of Chief Minister. He was succeeded by Narayan in 1980. In 1984, he led the campaign for the creation of the Indian National Congress. In 1989, the Congress regime is known for deteriorating law and order situation which also witnessed one of the biggest riot in the history of bihar i.e. the 1989 BhagAlpur violence. The report tabled in Bihar Legislative Assembly under the chairmanship of N. N Singh made Sinha led Congress regime responsible for the riots. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice.