Palma was founded as a Roman camp upon the remains of a Talaiotic settlement. The city was subjected to several Vandal raids during the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It was colonised by the Moors and, in the 13th century, by James I of Aragon. Between 902 and 1229, the city was under Islamic control.
About Palma, Majorca in brief
Palma is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain. It is situated on the south coast of Mallorca on the Bay of Palma. The Cabrera Archipelago, though widely separated from Palma proper, is administratively considered part of the municipality. As of 2018, Palma Airport serves over 29 million passengers per year. Palma was founded as a Roman camp upon the remains of a Talaiotic settlement. The city was subjected to several Vandal raids during the fall of the Western Roman Empire, then reconquered by the Byzantine Empire. It was colonised by the Moors and, in the 13th century, by James I of Aragon. In 707, a Muslim fleet, under the command of Abd Allgaht ibn Musa, son of the governor of Ifriqiya, Musa ibn Nusayr, stopped off at the island. Between 902 and 1229, the city was under Islamic control. It remained the capital of the island and it was known as Medina Mayurqa, which in Arabic means ‘City of Majorca’. In 848, four years after the first Viking incursions had sacked the whole island, an attack from Córdoba forced the authorities to ratify the treaty to which the city had submitted in 707. The incorporation of the city into the Emirate of A.Córdoban set the basis for a new society, with Palma as its capital. A new society developed in a manner previously unknown in that was previously unknown to the inhabitants of the islands.
The population developed an economy based on self-sufficiency and piracy, and even showed evidence of a relative hierarchy. In 902, Al-Andalus launched a naval fleet against the city and the whole of the Islands. As the city still had an eccentric position in the western Mediterranean, the enclave was immediately occupied by the Al- andalus. While not occupied, it was not occupied regarding the commerce network established by the Emirates of Al-andalus. This was the consequence of this substitution of the treaty for the effective incorporation of the islands to the Islamic state in the 8th century. In 1229 the city became the capital, with its capital, the Palma de Mallorcan, as well as its city centre, as its name was changed to ‘Palma de Majorca.’ It was also known as ‘The City of the Majorcan’s’, and was the port used for destinations in Africa, such as Carthage, and Hispania, like Saguntum, Gades and Carthago Nova. In the early medieval times, the Cathedral was part of a paleo-Christian temple. The remains of the Roman Wall can be seen at Can Bordils, the Municipal Archive, and below it, at the Maimó ben Faraig Center. The island was defended by Charlemagne in 799 from a Muslim pirate incursion.
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This page is based on the article Palma, Majorca published in Wikipedia (as of Dec. 31, 2020) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.