Norilsk is an industrial city in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located above the Arctic Circle. It has a permanent population of 175,000, with temporary inhabitants included, its population reaches 220,000. It is the world’s northernmost city with more than 100,000 inhabitants and the second-largest city inside the Arctic circle.
About Norilsk in brief
Norilsk is an industrial city in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located above the Arctic Circle, east of the Yenisei River and south of the western Taymyr Peninsula. It has a permanent population of 175,000, with temporary inhabitants included, its population reaches 220,000. It is the world’s northernmost city with more than 100,000 inhabitants and the second-largest city inside the Arctic circle. The nickel deposits of Norilsk-Talnakh are the largest-known nickel-copper-palladium deposits in the world. The smelting of the nickel ore is directly responsible for severe pollution, which generally comes in the form of acid rain and smog. By some estimates, one percent of global sulfur dioxide emissions come from NorilsK’s nickel mines. The Nornickel company has its main operations in the area where it is the largest employer. The Norilskaya River got its former name, Norilka, probably at the time when Taimyr was inhabited by Russian fishing people in the 16th–17th centuries during the existence of the city Mangazeya. The name of the river comes from the word \”norilo\”, a long thin pole, which stretched the string of set nets under the ice from hole to hole.
The center of a region where nickel, copper, cobalt, platinum, palladium and coal are mined. A number of Finnish companies assisted in the construction and automation of Norilk’s No 2 copper and nickel smelters, which led to substantial numbers of Finnish experts and metallurgical experts bringing to Norilskiy in 1979. An unknown, yet significant, number of prisoners continued to serve and serve in the Norillag system of Gulag labor camps until the end of the Cold War. Joseph Stalin died to the archives of Norillk under the conditions of forced labor, starvation, and intense cold during World II from 1942 to 1944 when food supplies were particularly scarce. In the early 1950s, the Salekhard–Igarka Railway was under construction from the European coal city of Vorkorkuta to Moscow, but construction stopped in expectation of train service in the 1960s. The port of Dudinka is closed and dismantled during spring’s ice barrier floods of up to 20 meters in late May. The city is located between the West Siberian Plain and Central Siberian Plateau at the foot of the 1,700-meter-high Putoran Mountains, on some of the largest nickel deposits on Earth.