New Zealand Labour Party
The New Zealand Labour Party formed in 1916 out of various socialist parties and trade unions. Alongside its main rival, the New Zealand National Party, Labour has dominated New Zealand governments since the 1930s. As of 2020, there have been six periods of Labour government under ten Labour prime ministers. In the 2017 general election the party returned to prominence with its best showing since the 2005 general election, winning 36. 9% of the party vote and 46 seats.
About New Zealand Labour Party in brief
The New Zealand Labour Party formed in 1916 out of various socialist parties and trade unions. Alongside its main rival, the New Zealand National Party, Labour has dominated New Zealand governments since the 1930s. As of 2020, there have been six periods of Labour government under ten Labour prime ministers. In the 2017 general election the party, under Jacinda Ardern, returned to prominence with its best showing since the 2005 general election, winning 36. 9% of the party vote and 46 seats. On 19 October 2017, Labour formed a minority coalition government with New Zealand First, with confidence and supply from the Green Party. The party’s platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. In practice Labour Party politicians regard themselves as part of a broader labour movement and tradition. Despite its Wellington origins, the West Coast town of Blackball is often regarded as the birthplace of theParty, as it was the location of the founding of one of the main political organisations which became part of the nascent Labour Party. It is the country’s oldest political party still in existence, with the oldest being the Social Democratic Party of New Zealand, founded in 1901. The Socialists tended to be revolutionary and militant, while the moderates focused instead on progressive reform. In 1915, the Socialists broke down and formed a unified caucus to oppose the Liberal Party and to differentiate themselves from the Liberals. This year, all major labour factions of the labour movement agreed to unite under the banner of the Social Democrats and form a new party.
The United Labour Party was born. In 1910, the Independent Political Labour League was relaunched as an organisation called the Labour Party, distinct from the modern party. In 2015, Labour won in a landslide, winning an overall majority of 10 and 50. 01 per cent of the vote in the 2020 general election. It was the largest party from 1999 to 2008, when it governed in coalition with, or based on negotiated support from, several minor parties; Helen Clark became the first Labour prime minister to lead her government through the third term in office. In 1990, Labour instead privatised state assets and reduced the role of the state in the economy; Labour Prime Minister David Lange also introduced New Zealand’s nuclear-free policy. In 2010, Labour became the largest caucus represented in the House of Representatives, with a majority of 46 seats, and won the next general election with 36.9 per cent. In 2012, the party became the second-largest caucus in Parliament, followed by the Greens in 2013. In 2014, Labour was the third-largest party in Parliament. In 2016, it became the fourth largest party, after the Greens, the Greens and the NZ First Party. In 2013, it won a majority in the general election and a seat in Parliament for the first time since the 1990s. It has been in power since 2005, but has not won an outright majority since the 2008 general election; it has won just one seat in the last two elections.