New York City Police Department
The New York City Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency within the City of New York. Established on May 23, 1845, the NYPD is one of the oldest police departments in the United States. The NYPD employs around 55,000 people, including 36,000 uniformed officers. Critics highlight a history of systemic police brutality and corruption.
About New York City Police Department in brief
The New York City Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency within the City of New York. Established on May 23, 1845, the NYPD is one of the oldest police departments in the United States. The NYPD employs around 55,000 people, including 36,000 uniformed officers. In 2020, it had a budget of US$6 billion. Critics highlight a history of systemic police brutality and corruption, as well as discrimination on the basis of race, religion and sexuality. In 2019 the NYPD responded to 482,337 reports of crime, and made 214,617 arrests. There were 95,606 major felonies reported in 2019, compared to over half a million per year during the crack epidemic of the 1980s and 1990s. Of the entire 35,783-member police force in 2020: 47% are white and 53% are members of minority groups. Of 23,464 officers on patrol: Of 5,289 detectives: Of 4,550 sergeants: Of 1,706 lieutenants: of 355 captains: Of 14 police chiefs: Of 14 chief constables: Of 23 police officers on duty: Of 3,500 auxiliary police officers, 5,500 school safety agents and 3,000 traffic enforcement agents. There are also 19,454 civilian employees, including approximately 4,500 Auxiliary Police Officers, 4,000 auxiliary police Officers, and 5,000 school safety Agents. The Police Benevolent Association of the. City of. New York, the largest municipal police union in the U.S., represents over 50,000 active and retired NYC police officers. Officers graduate from the Police Academy after five and a half to six months of training in various academic, physical, and tactical fields.
For the first 18 months of their careers, they are designated as “rookies” or more informally, “probationary Police Officers” There are three career tracks in the NYPD: supervisory, investigative, and specialist. Promotion from the rank of officer to detective is discretionary by the police commissioner. Every badge has a different design, and change in design is required by law. Some officers have used different badge designs, though not all badge designs are strictly shield-shaped. Officers are punished for losing their shield by losing their pay by losing up to ten days’ pay. The New York Police Department was created in 1845 by Mayor William Havemeyer, replacing an old night watch system. In 1857, it was replaced by a metropolitan force. The NYC Transit Police and the NYC Housing Authority Police Department were merged into the NYPD in 1995. In 1994 the NYPD developed the CompStat computer system for tracking crime geographically. This award-winning system has been given credit for playing a role in the reduction of crime in New York, and has since been implemented by a number of other Police Departments in the US and overseas. The NYPD has a broad array of specialized services, including the Emergency Service Unit, K9, harbor patrol, air support, bomb squad, counter-terrorism, criminal intelligence, anti-gang and narcotics, public transportation, and public housing.