In the Gregorian calendar, New Year occurs on January 1. This was also the first day of the year in the original Julian calendar and the Roman calendar. During the Middle Ages in Western Europe, authorities moved New Year’s Day to one of several other days.
About New Year in brief
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year occurs on January 1. This was also the first day of the year in the original Julian calendar and the Roman calendar. During the Middle Ages in Western Europe, authorities moved New Year’s Day to one of several other days, including March 1, March 25, Easter, September 1, and December 25. Other cultures observe their traditional or religious New Years Day according to their own customs, sometimes in addition to a civil calendar. The new year of many South and Southeast Asian calendars falls between April 13–15, marking the beginning of spring. In 45 BC, when Julius Caesar’s new Julian calendar took effect, this was the date on which those who were to hold civil office assumed their official position. This civil new year remained in effect throughout the Roman Empire, during its lifetime, and after the Julian calendar continued in use in wherever it was used in the world.
The Roman and Constantinopolitan liturgical calendars remained compatible even after the East-West Schism in 1054. The present-day Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar is the virtual culmination of the ancient eastern development cycle, though it includes later additions based on subsequent history and lives of saints. It still begins annually into the Nativity of the Theotokos and Exaltation of the Cross to the celebration of Nativity, through his death and resurrection, to his Ascension and the Dormition of the theotokOS. It may fall on September 1 on the civil calendar, or on September 14. The Coptic and Ethiopian liturgical Calendar is unrelated to these systems but instead follow the Alexandrian calendar which fixed the wandering ancient Egyptian calendar to the Julian year.
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This page is based on the article New Year published in Wikipedia (as of Jan. 03, 2021) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.