Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee. Named for Francis Nash, a general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, the city was founded in 1779. Nashville seceded with Tennessee during the Civil War; in 1862 it was the first state capital in the Confederacy to fall to Union troops. Since 1963, Nashville has had a consolidated city-county government, which includes six smaller municipalities in a two-tier system.
About Nashville, Tennessee in brief
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee. Named for Francis Nash, a general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, the city was founded in 1779. The city grew quickly due to its strategic location as a port on the Cumberland River and, in the 19th century, a railroad center. Nashville seceded with Tennessee during the Civil War; in 1862 it was the first state capital in the Confederacy to fall to Union troops. Since 1963, Nashville has had a consolidated city-county government, which includes six smaller municipalities in a two-tier system. Nashville is a major center for the music industry, especially country music, and is commonly known as \”Music City\”. It is also home to numerous colleges and universities, including Tennessee State University, Vanderbilt University, Belmont University, Fisk University, Trevecca Nazarene University, and Lipscomb University. It is sometimes referred to as ‘Athens of the South’ due to the large number of educational institutions in the city. The cholera epidemic that struck Nashville in 1849–1850 took the life of former U. S. President James K. Polk and resulted in high fatalities. There were 311 deaths from Cholera in 18 49 and an estimated 316 to about 500 in 1850. Nashville was home to the Tennessee Supreme Court’s courthouse for Middle Tennessee, one of the state’s three divisions. In 1868, the chapter of the Ku Klux Klan was founded by a former Confederate veteran, John W.
W. Klan, making guerrilla raids and raids against the Confederate forces in the Deep South. The first Confederate troops from Middle Tennessee fled to Nashville’s eastern, western, and southern borders. In February 1862, Nashville became the state capital to fall and the state was occupied by Union troops for the duration of the war. The Battle of Nashville was perhaps the most decisive tactical victory and perhaps the final major military action in which Tennessee regiments played a large part in the war’s final major battle of the battle of 1868. It was also the end of the three years of constant retreat by the Confederates on both sides of the Tennessee border. Nashville led the south for iron production and was a major port and rail center in the late 1800s and early 1900s. By 1800, Nashville had 345 residents, including 136 enslaved African Americans and 14 free African Americans. By 1860, when the first rumblings of secession began to be heard across the South, antebellum Nashville was a prosperous city. Nashville’s significance as a shipping port andrail center made it a desirable prize for competing military forces that wanted to control the region’s important river and railroad transportation routes. In the early 1800s, there were about 700 free Blacks living in small enclaves in northern Nashville while there were over 3,200 Black slaves in the City. Nashville had 24 slaves by 1831, and 60 prior to the civil war.