Miami-Dade County, Florida
Miami-Dade County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida. The county is home to 34 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas. It is also Florida’s third largest county in terms of land area, with 1,946 square miles.
About Miami-Dade County, Florida in brief
Miami-Dade County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida. The county is home to 34 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas. It is also Florida’s third largest county in terms of land area, with 1,946 square miles. The northern, central and eastern portions of the county are heavily urbanized with many high-rise buildings along the coastline. The earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago. The inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami- Dade County, Broward County, and the southern part of Palm Beach County. The area was affected by the Second Seminole War, during which Major William S. Harney led several raids against the Indians. Most non-Indian residents were soldiers stationed at Fort Dallas. At the end of the war, a few soldiers stayed of the soldiers and the county was created on January, 1836, under the Territorial Act of the United States. At what has been named the Dade Battlefield since 1835, a soldier killed in the Second Dade War, at what has since been named Dade Dade, has been the site of a memorial to the fallen soldier, Major Francis Dade. The first permanent European settlers arrived in the early 19th century. People came from the Bahamas to South Florida and the Keys to hunt for treasure from the ships that ran aground on the treacherous Great Florida Reef.
In 1844, Miami became the county seat, and six years later a ninety-six residents were reported in the area. The Miami metropolitan area was home to an estimated 6,198,782 people in 2018. The county also includes portions of two national parks. To the west it extends into the Everglades National Park and is populated only by a Miccosukee tribal village. East of the mainland, in Biscayne Bay, is Biscayn Bay Aquatic Preserves. The Redland and Homestead areas, which make up the agricultural economy of the region, are sparsely populated, a stark contrast to the densely populated, urban northern portion of Miami-dade County. Agricultural Redland makes up roughly one third of Miami’s inhabited land area. After the Spaniards left, the TeQuesta Indians were left to fend themselves from European-introduced diseases like smallpox. It is unknown whether he came ashore or made contact with the natives. Juan Ponce de León was the first European to visit the area in 1513. His journal records he reached Chequescha, a variant of Tequest a, which was Miami’s first recorded name. He charted the bank of the Miami River and sold several plots of land on the south side of the river to his uncle, William William Village, who later established a bank of land in Miami. The second recorded landing was by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and his men made the first recorded landing in 1566 while looking for a missing son.