Mariachi is a genre of Regional Mexican music that dates back to at least the 18th century. The usual mariachi group today consists of as many as eight violins, two trumpets and at least one guitar, including a high-pitched vihuela and an acoustic bass guitar called a guitarrón. In 2011, UNESCO recognized Mariachi as an Intangible Cultural Heritage.
About Mariachi in brief
Mariachi is a genre of Regional Mexican music that dates back to at least the 18th century. The usual mariachi group today consists of as many as eight violins, two trumpets and at least one guitar, including a high-pitched vihuela and an acoustic bass guitar called a guitarrón. In 2011, UNESCO recognized Mariachi as an Intangible Cultural Heritage, joining six other entries on the Mexican list of that category. On November 24, 2020, Google dedicated its doodle to Mariachi. The origin of the word is disputed, but prominent theories attribute it to deep roots. Most song lyrics are about machismo, love, betrayal, death, politics, revolutionary heroes and country life. The music originated in the center-west of Mexico, but claims for its origin lie in the state of Jalisco, but neighboring states of Colitarán, Nayarit, and Michoacán have also claimed it. Most legends put the music’s origin in the late 19th century, but by the late 20th century its music was firmly centered in Jalisco. The distinction of modern mariachis from the modern soniachi comes from the modification of the music of the soni, which was the modification from the son jalisciense style of music. In the early 20th Century, the Mexican government’s cultural promotion gradually re-labeled it as Son style, with its alternative name of \”mariachi\” becoming used for the \”urban\” form. The word was thought to have derived from the French word’marriage’, but this was disproven with the appearance of documents that showed that the word existed before this invasion.
In 1981, a letter written by Father Cosme Santa Ana to the archbishop was discovered in the archives of a church, where he complains about the noise of the\”mariachis\” and dated in 1848, long before the French occupation. The song La Negra, also referred to as \”the Mariachi national anthem,\” is the best known song, also known as ‘La Negra’, which is the most popular Mariachi song. The Spanish introduced violins and other string instruments to Mexico in the colonial period. In addition to instruments, the Spanish introduced the concept of musical groups. This grouping gave rise to a number of folk musical styles in Mexico. One of these styles was the son, which featured string instruments such as guitars and harps and dressed in typical peasant clothing: white pants with hache sandals. Modern maraachi music developed from this son style, and is called’mariacha’ or’son jaliense’ It is also called ‘Son’ in Spanish,’son’ in English, and’mariachi’ in the Spanish word for’son’, ‘jali’, or’soul’ and’singer’ It was popular in the countryside of various regions of western Mexico. It was first played at presidential inaugurations and on the radio in the 1920s. It is now one of Mexico’s most popular music genres.