Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey
The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is an elected constitutional officer in the executive branch of the state government. The position does not carry any powers or duties other than to be next in the order of succession. Only two individuals had previously held the title, both during brief periods in the colonial era under commission or letters patent from the British Crown. The current lieutenant governor is Democrat Sheila Oliver, who was elected to the position in 2017.
About Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey in brief
The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is an elected constitutional officer in the executive branch of the state government. The position does not carry any powers or duties other than to be next in the order of succession. The state constitution requires that the lieutenant governor be appointed to serve as the head of a cabinet-level department or administrative agency within the governor’s administration. Only two individuals had previously held the title, both during brief periods in the colonial era under commission or letters patent from the British Crown. Republican Kim Guadagno was the first to serve in the post in its modern form. In 2017, Democratic New Jersey Assemblywoman and former Speaker of the Assembly Sheila Oliver was elected lieutenant governor as the running mate of Phil Murphy, and was sworn in as the second lieutenant governor on January 16, 2018. For most of the colonial period, in the event of the resignation, prolonged absence or death of the royal governor, the province would be administered by an \”acting governor\” who was the president of the Provincial Council —the upper house of thecolonial legislature. The council presidency was an honorary ceremonial post given to the council’s oldest member. In 1702, the proprietors of East and West Jersey surrendered their political authority to Queen Anne. The Queen united both provinces into one crown colony to be overseen by a royal governor appointed by the Crown. Richard Ingoldesby, a British army captain who was dispatched to New York to restore royal authority in New York after Leisler’s Rebellion, was commissioned as the Lieutenant Governor in 1702.
His commission was revoked in October 1710, but the news of his removal did not reach him until April 1717. The second lieutenantGovernor, Jonathan Pownall, was appointed to the post under royal commission in 1755 –1757. He had little responsibility beyond anticipating the death of his aging governor, Thomas Pelham-Hollham, who lived longer than expected, and grew restless. He was offered the governorship of Pennsylvania, which was retracted after he made demands for wide-ranging powers in England, where he was advised by Thomas Pelollham. The post of lieutenantgovernor was created by direct commission from theBritish monarch only for two brief periods, 1702–09 and 1755–57. In 2009, New Jersey voters approved an amendment to the state’s constitution that provided for the first lieutenant governor to be elected in the 2009 gubernatorial election. The amendment was approved by a referendum put before theState’s voters authorized the amendment of the constitution in 2006. The current lieutenant governor is Democrat Sheila Oliver, who was elected to the position in 2017. The lieutenant governor was chosen by Governor Chris Christie to be his running mate on the Republican party ticket in the 2008 election. In 2010, Gov. Chris Christie chose Kim GuAdagno to be the runningmate on the GOP ticket. In 2012, Governor Christine Todd Whitman chose her as the Republican running mate for a four-year term. In 2013, Governor Jon Corzine chose her to serve the second term as lieutenant governor.