Laevistrombus canarium is a species of edible sea snail in the family Strombidae. It is an Indo-Pacific species occurring from India and Sri Lanka to Melanesia, Australia and southern Japan. The shell of adult individuals is coloured from light yellowish-brown to golden to grey. It has a characteristic inflated body whorl, a flared, thick outer lip, and a shallow stromboid notch.
About Laevistrombus canarium in brief
Laevistrombus canarium is a species of edible sea snail in the family Strombidae. It is an Indo-Pacific species occurring from India and Sri Lanka to Melanesia, Australia and southern Japan. The shell of adult individuals is coloured from light yellowish-brown to golden to grey. It has a characteristic inflated body whorl, a flared, thick outer lip, and a shallow stromboid notch. L. canarium lives on muddy and sandy bottoms, grazing on algae and detritus. Larvae of this species spend several days as plankton, undergoing a series of transformations until they reach complete metamorphosis. Predators of this snail include carnivorous gastropods such as cone snails and volutes. The species is also a prey species for vertebrates including macaques, and also humans, who consume the soft parts in a wide variety of dishes. The dog conch is an economically important species in the Indo-West Pacific, and several studies indicate that it may be suffering population declines due to overfishing and overexploitation. Malacologists and ecologists have recommended a reduction in its exploitation rate; initiatives in Thailand are attempting to ensure the possibility of reproduction in young-adult individuals and manage the natural populations in general. The English common name of L.
canarium, \”dog conch\”, is a calque of the Malay. In theMalay Peninsula, the species is known by the Malays name siput gonggong, where siput means “snail” and gongGong is an onomatopoetic word for a dog’s bark. A molecular analysis conducted in 2006 based on DNA sequences of histone and mitochondrial genes demonstrated that Laevistrome canarium, Doxander vittatus, and Labiostrombus epidromis are closely related species. The original description given by Linnaeus in his book, Systema Naturae, is in Latin: \”S. testae rotundvi retvi retrievi, spiraque laevi.\” This can be translated as “a shell with a rounded lip, a smooth spireo, and smooth spirreo, having a short, short, and short shell, and having a retro rotundi, a short and smooth lip, Statous with a smooth, short and short spire, a shell, with a flat body, a flat shell, a round lip and a smooth body. The species was shown in the 1742 Index Testarum Conchyliorum, quae adservantur in Museo Nicolai Gualtieri, by Italian physician and malacologist Niccolò Gual tieri. In 1758, the dog Conch was formally described and named StrombusCanarium by Swedish naturalist and taxonomist Carl Linnnaeus, who originated the system of binomial nomenclature. The maximum life span is 0 to 2. 5 years.