Indira Gandhi was born Indira Nehru on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. She served as prime minister from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984. As prime minister, Gandhi was known for her political intransigency and unprecedented centralisation of power.
About Indira Gandhi in brief
Indira Gandhi was born Indira Nehru on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. She served as prime minister from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984. As prime minister, Gandhi was known for her political intransigency and unprecedented centralisation of power. She went to war with Pakistan in support of the independence movement and war of independence in East Pakistan, which resulted in an Indian victory and the creation of Bangladesh. In 2020 Gandhi was named by the Time magazine among world’s 100 powerful women who defined the last century. In 1999 she was named Woman of the Millennium in an online poll organised by the BBC. She died on 31 October 1984 after being assassinated by her own bodyguards and Sikh nationalists in the Golden Temple in Bhopal, Rajasthan. She is survived by her husband, Rajiv Gandhi, and two children, Ravi Gandhi and Ravi Agrawal, and a stepdaughter, Sharmila Gandhi. She has a son and a daughter, both of whom have died in infancy. Indira was a member of the Indian National Congress and was a key figure in the movement for independence from British rule. She also served as the President of the Congress Party from 1959 to 1964. She had limited contact with her father, mostly through letters, and attended school intermittently until matriculation in 1934.
She then went on to study at the Vishwa Bharati in Santiniketan, which became Visva-Bharati University in 1951. It was during her interview that Rabindranath Tagore named her Priyadarshini, literally \”looking at everything with kindness\” in Sanskrit, and she came to be known as Indira PriyADarshini Nehru. In 1980, she returned to power after free and fair elections, but was assassinated after military action in theGolden Temple in Operation Blue Star. Her son Ravi is the current Prime Minister of India, and he is the son of former Indian Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru and former Indian President Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was born on 19 November 1917, and grew up with her mother, Kamala Nehru,. at the Anand Bhavan, a large family estate inAllahabad. Her mother was frequently bedridden with illness, and later suffered an early death from tuberculosis. In 1940, when Germany conquered Europe, Indira tried to return to England through Europe but was plagued with ill-health and was constantly attended by doctors. In 1951, she had to leave university to attend to her ailing mother in Europe. After her mother died, she attended the Badminton School for a brief period before enrolling at Somerville College to study history, having failed at the entrance examination twice. At Oxford, she did well in history, but not in political science and economics, but her grades in Latin were poor.