Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. The state’s name for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers’ name for Illinois Native Americans, a name that was spelled in many different ways in early records, is IL-in-wek.
About Illinois in brief
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, which is located in the central part of the state. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama. Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in Illinois. The name Illiniwek has also been said to mean superior men, but this is a false etymology. The current spelling, Illinois, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area. The state’s name for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers’ name for Illinois Native Americans, a name that was spelled in many different ways in early records, is IL-in-wek. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world’s busiest airports. The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and through the Illinois River, through which the state’s largest city, Chicago, is located.
Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars. The Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city’s famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global city. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in thecentral and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, which has been displayed on its license plates since 1954. The word for “man” in Illinois is ireniwa, a transliteration of that sound in the French of that time that means “tribe of superior men”, which is the regular way to speak the Miami-Illinois language. This was taken into the Ojibwe language, perhaps in the Ottawa dialect, and modified into ilinwek, which means “we” or “he” in all three French-speaking dialects. The state became a transportation hub for the nation after the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, which made transportation between the Great lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, and shipped commodity crops to the nation’s east.