Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney. He served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. He is married to former first lady Michelle Obama and has two daughters, Malia and Sasha. Obama is a graduate of Harvard Law School and the University of Chicago Law School.
About Barack Obama in brief
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney. He served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. Obama was the first African-American president of U.S. He previously served as a U. S. senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008 and an Illinois state senator from 1997 to 2004. He was born in Honolulu, Hawaii, and is the only president born outside the contiguous 48 states. In July 2012, Ancestry.com found a strong likelihood that Barack Obama Sr. was descended from John Punch, an enslaved African man who lived in the seventeenth century during the Colony of Virginia. His mother, Ann Dunham, was mostly of English, Scottish, Swiss, Irish, and Welsh ancestry. He is married to former first lady Michelle Obama and has two daughters, Malia and Sasha. He has a son, Sasha, and a daughter-in-law, Malina Obama, who were born in 2008 and 2013, respectively. He also has a stepson, Sasha Malia, who was born on January 1, 2008. Obama is a graduate of Harvard Law School and the University of Chicago Law School. He worked as a community organizer in Chicago before becoming a civil rights attorney and a constitutional law professor. He ran for and won the Illinois Senate in 2004. In 2008, he was nominated for president a year after his presidential campaign began, and after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton, Obama was elected over Republican nominee John McCain and was inaugurated alongside Joe Biden on January 20, 2009. Obama signed many landmark bills into law during his first two years in office.
The main reforms that were passed include the Affordable Care Act, although without a public health insurance option, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, and the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Repeal Act of 2010. In foreign policy, he ordered military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U. s. combat operations in Afghanistan in 2016, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change. He initiated sanctions against Russia following the invasion in Ukraine and again after Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections. Obama nominated three justices to the Supreme Court: Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan were confirmed as justices, while Merrick Garland faced partisan obstruction from the Republican-led Senate, which never held hearings or a vote on the nomination. During this term, he promoted inclusion for LGBT Americans. In 2015, same-sex marriage was legalized nationwide in 2015 after the Court ruled so in Obergefell. After winning re-election by defeating Republican opponent Mitt Romney, Obama was sworn in for a second term in 2013 and continues to reside in Washington, D.C. His presidency has generally been regarded favorably, and evaluations of his presidency among historians, political scientists and the general public frequently place him in the upper tier of presidents.