Hurricane Juan (1985)
Juan was the tenth named storm of the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season. It formed in the central Gulf of Mexico in late October. It looped twice near the Louisiana coast, causing widespread flooding. It is the last hurricane to make landfall in the U.S. during the season. Juan is the only one of the three hurricanes that made landfall in Louisiana.
About Hurricane Juan (1985) in brief
Hurricane Juan was a large and erratic tropical cyclone that looped twice near the Louisiana coast, causing widespread flooding. It was the tenth named storm of the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season, forming in the central Gulf of Mexico in late October. Onshore, the hurricane dropped torrential rain totaling 17. 78 in in Galliano, Louisiana. Overall, Juan directly inflicted about USD 1.5 billion in damage, making it among the costliest United States hurricanes, and caused 12 deaths. The outer rainbands of Juan spawned 15 tornadoes along the Florida Panhandle, causing over USD 1 million in damage. Juan continued to the north and was absorbed by an approaching cold front, although its moisture contributed to a deadly flood event in the Mid-Atlantic states. The energy from Juan helped spawn an energy low in the Tennessee Valley, which produced more rainfall throughout the region. Juan was the last of three hurricanes to move over Louisiana during the season, after Danny in August and Elena in early September. It formed rapidly over the northern Gulf ofMexico, allowing little time for thorough preparations or the evacuation of offshore oil rigs. As a result, nine people died in maritime accidents off Louisiana. Juan turned to the east, moving along the southern Louisiana coast and re-organizing slightly. On October 31, the storm moved across the Mississippi Delta near Burrwood, Louisiana, and accelerated to the northeast. Juan weakened to tropical storm status, emerging into Vermilion Bay early the next day with winds of 65 mph. It weakened slightly, making its final landfall just west of Pensacola, Florida, late on October 31.
After moving through Alabama, Juan became extratropical over Tennessee on November 1, and the circulation ceased tracking the Atlantic at 1800 UTC that day. On November 3, Juan continued generally northward through Ohio Valley and the center eventually crossed into Canada, where it weakened to a tropical depression. The remnants of Juan absorbed the remnants of a cold front on November 3 and became a tropical storm. It is the last hurricane to make landfall in the U.S. during the 1985 hurricane season. Juan is the only one of the three hurricanes that made landfall in Louisiana in 1985, and was the third storm to do so during the 1982 hurricane season in the United States. The other two, Danny and Elena, were the first hurricanes of the season to hit the state in September and October respectively. The storm was the first to cause extensive agriculture losses in Louisiana, causing more than $1 billion in damages. It also caused flooding in Texas, forcing the closure of roadways, while heavy rains damaged crops and houses in southern Mississippi. Juan became a hurricane on October 27, reaching maximum sustained winds of 85 mph. It looped just off southern Louisiana before making landfall near Morgan City on October 29. It then turned sharply to the northwest, executing another loop over southern Louisiana near Lafayette. After turning to the southeast over open waters, Juan turned back to theeast over open water, crossing the Mississippi River Delta.