Henry Clifford, 10th Baron Clifford
Henry Clifford, 10th Baron Clifford KB, was an English nobleman. His father was killed in the Wars of the Roses fighting for the House of Lancaster. Young Henry inherited a large fortune and estate, but avoided the royal court. In 1522, Clifford died and died from ill health; he was buried in York.
About Henry Clifford, 10th Baron Clifford in brief
Henry Clifford, 10th Baron Clifford KB, was an English nobleman. His father was killed in the Wars of the Roses fighting for the House of Lancaster. Young Henry inherited a large fortune and estate, but avoided the royal court. Clifford’s later years were devoted to service in the north and fighting the Scots. He outlived the King and attended the coronation of Henry VIII in 1509. Clifford grew ill in 1522 and died in April the following year; his widow later remarried. The historian Chris Given-Wilson has described Clifford as one of the greatest 15th-century earls. He was never to receive an earldom, which prevented him from ruling from birth. His failure to control his nobility, combined with the loss of England’s French territories during the Hundred Years’ War, led to a factional quarrels between those loyal to the King of York and those led by Richard, Duke of Lancastrian. Clifford was not an easy-going personality; his abrasiveness caused trouble with his neighbours, occasionally breaking out in violent feuds. He married a cousin of the King, yet Clifford’s infidelity to her was notorious among his contemporaries. This also drew the King’s ire, to the extent that the couple’s separation was mooted. His relations with his eldest son and heir, the eventual Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland, were equally turbulent. Clifford later complained that young Henry not only lived above his station, he consorted with men of bad influence; Clifford also accused his son of regularly beating up his father’s servants on his return to Yorkshire.
He also indulged his interests in astronomy, for which he built a small castle for observation purposes. The Clifford family, originally from Normandy, settled in England after the conquest of 1066. The family was elevated to the peerage in 1299 as Barons Clifford, and also held the minor baronies of Skipton, North Yorkshire and Westmoreland in West Yorkshire and in Appleby, West Yorks. In 1455 a number of battles had been fought between loyalists and loyalists of York, led by the Duke of York. The Battle of Bosworth Field broke out in 1455 and led to the outbreak of the English Civil War, which ended in 1460. The King of England, Henry VI, was incapacitated and occasionally incapacitated by the Civil war, which led to his loss of control of the French territories. He died in 1461 and was succeeded by his son, Henry VI, who was effectively incapacitated from ruling. In 1522, Clifford died and died from ill health; he was buried in York. He is buried in the Church of St Mary’s, York, where he was once a member of the Knights of St Andrew’s, a position he held until his death in 1534. He had a son, the 11th Baron of Clifford, with whom he had a daughter, Margaret Clifford, who died in 1536.