Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. He succeeded upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as the 34th vice president. He authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war. Truman’s administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy.
About Harry S. Truman in brief
Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. He succeeded upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as the 34th vice president. Truman grew up in Independence, Missouri, and during World War I was sent to France as a captain in the Field Artillery. He opened a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri and was later elected as a Jackson County official in 1922. He was elected to the U.S. Senate from Missouri in 1934 and gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee aimed at reducing waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts. He authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war. Truman’s administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. He rallied his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidential term. After the onset of the Cold War, Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift and Marshall Plan in 1948. When he left office, Truman’s presidency was criticized, though critical reassessment of his tenure has been favorable. He went into a financially difficult retirement, marked by the founding of his presidential library and the publication of his memoirs. He died in Washington, D.C., on December 18, 1953. His funeral was held at the National World War II Museum in Washington. He is buried in the Jefferson National Cemetery in Jefferson City, Kansas. His wife, Martha Ellen Young Truman, is buried next to him in a plot of land that was once owned by the National Museum of American History.
He had a son, John Vivian, and a daughter, Mary Jane. His middle name, \”S\”, honors his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young, and his maternal uncle, Harrison \”Harry\” Young. His ancestry is primarily English with some Scots-Irish, German, and French. He served as a Shabbos goy for Jewish neighbors, doing tasks for them on Shabbat that their religion prevented them from doing on that day. He rose at five every morning to practice the piano, which he studied more than twice a week until he was fifteen, becoming quite a skilled player. He later became active in several business ventures, including a lead and zinc mine near Oklahoma. He courted Bess Bess Wallace in 1911, but she turned him down, but he later said he wanted to have a better income than that earned by a farmer. He returned to the bank of The Kansas City Commerce in 1906 and later became the bank’s president. In 1911, he proposed to Bess but she rejected him, but said he later intended to propose to propose again. In 1913, he bought the oil rights to prospectors and leased the land in Oklahoma, where he later became a real estate investor. He also became active again in real estate ventures, but never made any money from these ventures. He eventually became the owner of the Kansas City City Star. He retired from the bank in 1914.