Edward Gough Whitlam was Prime Minister of Australia from 1972 to 1975. He led the Australian Labor Party to power for the first time in 23 years at the 1972 election. He won the 1974 election before being controversially dismissed by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr. Whitlam remains the only Australian prime minister to have been removed from office in this manner. He stepped down after losing again at the 1977 election, and retired from parliament in 1978.
About Gough Whitlam in brief
Edward Gough Whitlam was Prime Minister of Australia from 1972 to 1975. He led the Australian Labor Party to power for the first time in 23 years at the 1972 election. He won the 1974 election before being controversially dismissed by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, at the climax of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. Whitlam remains the only Australian prime minister to have been removed from office in this manner. The propriety and circumstances of his dismissal and the legacy of his government have been frequently debated in the decades after he left office. He stepped down after losing again at the 1977 election, and retired from parliament in 1978. Upon the election of the Hawke Government in 1983, he was appointed as Ambassador to UNESCO, a position he filled with distinction, and was elected a member of the UNESCO Executive Board. The Whitlam Government implemented a large number of new programmes and policy changes, including the termination of military conscription, institution of universal health care and free university education, and the implementation of legal aid programmes. He was first elected to Parliament in 1952, representing Werriwa in the House of Representatives. He became Deputy Leader of the Labor Party in 1960, and in 1967, after the retirement of Arthur Calwell, was elected Leader and became the Leader of. the Opposition. He earned his first wages by appearing in a film with several other other other young Australians at the age of 18.
He attended the Telopea Park School and St Paul’s College at the University of Sydney. In 1932, Whitlam’s father transferred him to Canberra Grammar School at the Speech Day ceremony, where he was awarded a prize by the governor-General, Sir Isaac Isaacs, for his speech at the graduation ceremony. He went on to become a barrister and later a judge at the Supreme Court of New South Wales. His father was a federal public servant who later served as Commonwealth Crown Solicitor, and Whitlam senior’s involvement in human rights issues was a powerful influence on his son. His maternal grandfather was also named Edward, which in turn had come from his paternal grandfather who had been named after the British soldier Field-Marshal Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough. At age six, Gough began his education at Chatswood Church of England Girls’ School. After a year there, he attended Mowbray House School and Knox Grammar school in the suburbs of Sydney, in the suburb of Sydney’s North Shore suburb of Mosman and then in Turramurra. In 1927, this time to Assistant Crown solicitor, he moved to Canberra, and moved the Whitlam family to the new national capital of Canberra. The only family to have spent his form of life in Canberra, it was dubbed “the bush” at the time, and dubbed the land of the “flies” and “the blow of the bush” At age 18, he went to the St Paul’s College of Sydney at the university.