Golden Dawn (Greece)
The Popular Association – Golden Dawn is a far-right political party in Greece. Its general secretary and several members of parliament have been found guilty of leading a criminal organisation. A number of other leading members have also been convicted of participation. The party is commonly described as neo-Nazi and fascist.
About Golden Dawn (Greece) in brief
The Popular Association – Golden Dawn is a far-right political party in Greece. Its general secretary and several members of parliament have been found guilty of leading a criminal organisation. A number of other leading members have also been convicted of participation. The party is commonly described as neo-Nazi and fascist. Its members have expressed admiration for the former Greek dictators Ioannis Metaxas of the 4th of August Regime and Georgios Papadopoulos of the Regime of the Colonels. They also use symbolism which is very similar to that of the Nazis, and they have also praised figures of Nazi Germany. According to academic sources, the group is racist and xenophobic, and the party’s leader has openly identified it as nationalist and racist. In December 1980, Nikolaos Michaloliakos and a group of supporters launched Chrysi Avgi magazine. The group laid the foundations of the Golden Dawn party to the Eheroism of the Greek junta of 1967–1974 and laid the foundation of the newspaper Etypia magazine to the right-wing, pro-military junta journal with the name. After being founded in 1985, Golden Dawn first received significant attention in 1991, and in 1993 registered as a political party. By the mid-2000s, the party had redirected its attention to opposing non-European, and particularly Muslim, immigration into the mainly Greek areas of southern Greece and Athens. In May 2012 the party ran a campaign based on concerns about unemployment, austerity, the economy, and immigration, which gained a large increase in support from the Greek electorate.
It received 7% of the popular vote, enough for the party to enter the Hellenic Parliament for the first time with 21 seats. Following a second election in June 2012, this was reduced to 18 seats. Golden Dawn later lost all of its remaining seats in the Greek Parliament in the 2019 Greek legislative election. A 2020 survey showed theParty’s popularity plummeting to 1. 5%, down from 2. 9% in the previous year’s elections, and a peak of 7. 0%. On 7 October 2020, Athens Appeals Court announced verdicts for 68 defendants, including the party’s political leadership, charged with running a criminal organization. The verdicts on charges of murder, attempted murder, and violent attacks on immigrants and left-wing political opponents were delivered. They also called to push for the complete Hellenisation of Greek Macedonia and Western Thrace through the expulsion of Northern Greece’s last remaining Macedonian-speaking minority and the Turkish-speaking Muslim minority of East Macedonia and Thrace that were settled during the Ottoman period. The Alliance, in turn, ceased operations in the spring of 2007. The party temporarily ceased political operations in 2005 and was absorbed by the Patriotic Alliance. The Alliance ceased operations after Michalolakos withdrew support in theSpring of 2007, where party officials announced the resumption of political activities. As a result of the January 2015 Greek national elections, the party became the third largest in Parliament, despite winning only 17 seats.