Georgia is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia and Azerbaijan, and to the south by Armenia and Turkey. Georgia has a population of 3.718 million, and ranks 61st on the Human Development Index.
About Georgia (country) in brief
Georgia is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia and Azerbaijan, and to the south by Armenia and Turkey. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres, and its approximate population is about 3. 718 million. Georgia is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development. It contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained very limited international recognition after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. Most of the world’s countries consider the regions to be Georgian territory under Russian occupation. The name Georgia probably stems from the Persian designation of the Georgians – gurğān, in the 11th and 12th centuries adapted via Syriac gurz-āngurz -iyān and Arabic ĵurĵurzan. The Georgian Orthodox Church had enormous importance for the spiritual and political unification of early Georgian states. Georgia’s Western orientation soon led to the worsening of relations with Russia, culminating in the brief Russo-Georgia War in August 2008 and Georgia’s current territorial dispute with Russia. The term itself might have been established through the ancient Iranian appellation of the Gorgan-Caspian region, which was referred to as Gorgan.
The native name is Sakarto, which is derived from the word gurgur, meaning ‘organ’ or ‘organ’, and is used in numerous languages, including Persian, West Slavic and European languages. The word Georgia is also used to refer to the native native name of the native Gorgan people, who are known as Georgians. Georgia was a founding republic of the Soviet Union in 1922. In 1936, the Transcaucasian Federation was dissolved and Georgia emerged as a Union Republic. During World War II, almost 700,000 Georgians fought in the Red Army against the Germans. After Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, a native Georgian, died in 1953, a wave of protest spread against Nikita Khrushchev and his de-Stalinization reforms, leading to the death of nearly one hundred students in 1956. By the 1980s, an independence movement was established and grew, leading. to Georgia’s secession from the SovietUnion in April 1991. The name Georgians are rejected by the scholarly community, who point to the word ‘Georgians’ as the root of the word for the country’s name, which may have been used by the ancient Georgians in ancient times. Georgia has a population of 3.718 million, and ranks 61st on the Human Development Index. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi, and it is located in the heart of the Caucasus, near the border with Azerbaijan, Turkey and Armenia.