Genghis Khan was the founder and first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia. He launched the Mongol invasions that conquered most of Eurasia, reaching as far west as Poland and the Levant in the Middle East.
About Genghis Khan in brief
Genghis Khan was the founder and first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia. He launched the Mongol invasions that conquered most of Eurasia, reaching as far west as Poland and the Levant in the Middle East. He died in 1227 after defeating the Western Xia and was buried in an unmarked grave somewhere in Mongolia. He is often considered to be the greatest conqueror of all time. He practised meritocracy and encouraged religious tolerance. He also brought the Silk Road under one cohesive political environment, expanding the cultural horizons of all three areas. He was the first son of Hoelun, second wife of his father, Yesügei. His father was a Keraite chief in the Khamag Mongol confederation and an ally of Toghrul. His mother was the Tatar chief Temüjin-ügein, whom his father had just captured from the Olkhun tribe. His first son was the Keraites, who were nomads from the Khiradad tribe. Like other nomads, they were noble, making it easier for him to solicit help from other Mongol tribes and consolidate his power. His son Ögedei Khan was his successor. Later his grandsons split his empire into khanates. By the end of his life, the Mongol empire occupied a substantial portion of Central Asia and China. His descendants extended the Empire across all of modern-day China, Korea, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and substantial portions of Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia.
The Uyghur script was adopted as the Mongolia Empire’s writing system. He decreed the adoption of the Uy Ghur script as the Mongols’ writing system, which is still in use today. His grandson, Ögeri Khan, is the current ruler of Mongolia. His great-great-grandson, Ögeei Khan, was born in 1162 in Delüün Boldog, near the mountain Burkhan Khaldun and the rivers Onon and Kherlen inmodern-day northern Mongolia, close to the current capital Ulaanbaatar. He had a blood clot in his fist, a traditional sign that he was destined to be a great leader. His name is derived from the Mongol word temür meaning ‘of iron’, while jin denotes agency. He thus means ‘blacksmith’, while temür means ‘iron’ and jin means ‘agency’ He was related on his father’s side to Khabul Khan, Ambaghai, and Hotula Khan. When the Jurchen Jin dynasty switched support to the Tatars in 1161, the Jin switched their support from the Tatar to the KERAite tribe, which was descended from Bodonchar Munkhag. His nephew, Khabul, became the head of the ruling Mongol clan. This position was contested by the rival Tayichi’ud clan, who descended directly from Ambghai.