The Port of Djib outi is the principal maritime port for imports to and exports from neighboring Ethiopia. It is the main domestic airport, connecting the capital to various major global destinations. The city is located in the coastal DjibOuti Region on the gulf of T Djiboura. The French founded the city in 1888, in a previously uninhabited stretch of coast.
About Djibouti, Djibouti in brief
Djibouti has the second-largest economy of any city in the Horn of Africa after Addis Ababa. Known as the Pearl of the Gulf of Tadjoura due to its location, it is strategically positioned near the world’s busiest shipping lanes. The Port of Djib outi is the principal maritime port for imports to and exports from neighboring Ethiopia. It is the main domestic airport, connecting the capital to various major global destinations. There is evidence of human settlement on the eastern coastline of Djibia dating back to the Bronze Age. The French founded the city in 1888, in a previously uninhabited stretch of coast. In 1896, the settlement was made the capital of French Somaliland. The town later grew considerably in size following the construction of the Imperial Ethiopian Railway. On July 12, 1926, a Messageries steamer loaded with cotton and khat loaded with China steamed into Djibouto. In 1932, Djib Outi was the first town to be wired to electricity in British Somalililand. It began to develop as a commercial center for cotton exports from southern Ethiopia and the Ogaden, including coffee in trade in Harari, in the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1980s, the city became a hub for the trade between China and the Middle East. It has a population of around 600,000 inhabitants, which counts for 54 % of the country’s population. The city is located in the coastal DjibOuti Region on the gulf of T Djiboura.
The settlement was founded in 1888 by the French, on land leased from the ruling Somali and Afar Sultans. The main purpose of French interest was to protect the trade route to Madagascar and Indochina from the British and Italian. In 1996, Léonce Lagarde became the first governor of the French Somali Coast, a new name for the French dependencies in the region. Only 150,000 tonnes of freight per year are handled there. In addition, the railway line is not yet fully exploited, and required a British bailout to avoid it falling under the Franco-Ethiopian government. The former caravan-based trade with nearby Zealila quickly eclipseed the nearby trade with British Zealilas in the 1920s and 1930s. The port of Ambouli is identifies the city with Canbala by O. G. S. Crawford, a town where the Venetian traveler Bragadino, a thirteenth-century European visitor to Ethiopia, resided for eight years. Ambouli was a small village before the French arrived it was about 3 km south of Ras Djiboutsil, about 3km south of the coast. It is then that this point begins to be used as departure for caravans towards Harar. In 1895, the town already had 5,000. inhabitants and was considered a major regional port. In 1926, the first French-based railway company, Fontainebleau, was established in the town.
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