Colony of Jamaica
England gained formal possession of Jamaica from Spain in 1670 through the Treaty of Madrid. Jamaica became a Crown colony in 1866, and it became a British colony in 1707. It became independent in 1962, and became the first British colony to have its own parliament. It is now a British Overseas Territory, with a population of around 2.5 million people.
About Colony of Jamaica in brief
Jamaica was an English colony from 1655 or 1670, and a British Colony from 1707 until 1962, when it became independent. In late 1654, English leader Oliver Cromwell launched the Western Design armada against Spain’s colonies in the Caribbean. In May 1655, around 7,000 English soldiers landed near Jamaica’s Spanish Town capital. The English invasion force soon overwhelmed the small number of Spanish troops. Spain repeatedly attempted to recapture Jamaica, and in response in 1657 the English Governor of Jamaica invited buccaneers to base themselves at Port Royal on Santiago, to help defend against Spanish attacks. England gained formal possession of Jamaica from Spain in 1670 through the Treaty of Madrid. For England, Jamaica was to be the ‘dagger pointed at the heart of the Spanish Empire,’ although in fact it was a possession of little economic value then. The white population increased, through migration from Britain, to 80,000 in the 1780s. Although the slave population in the 1670s and 1680s never exceeded roughly 9,500, by the end of the seventeenth century imports of slaves increased the black population to at least three times the number of whites. The last Stuart governor, the Duke of Albarle, turned the planter oligarchy out of office in 1688, who had fled Jamaica to London. After the revolution that brought William III and Mary to the throne in 1689, local control of Jamaican planters belonging to local planters returned to the pre-Albemarle political arrangement.
This was even more important during the Anglo-French War in 1613 to 1713, even though the French had already taken control of the Caribbean from 1613. This change served as an incentive to planting, and resulted in more military support, including support for the planters against foreign competition, for the British colony. In 1707, Jamaica became a Crown colony in 1866, and it became a British colony in 1707. It became independent in 1962, and became the first British colony to have its own parliament. It is now a British Overseas Territory, with a population of around 2.5 million people, and an English-speaking population of about 1.3 million. The population of Jamaica is now about 2.4 million, and the English population is around 1.7 million, with the majority living in the capital city of Kingston. The island is now part of the British West Indies region of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and is home to the British Royal Navy. It also has its own government, the Jamaican navy, the Royal Marines and the Royal Air Force, and a Royal Marines base in the town of Port Royal, on the east coast of the island. It was the last of the West Indies colonies to become an independent country in 1962. It has been ruled by an elected but highly unrepresentative House of Assembly since the early 20th century. The Jamaican population is now one of the largest in the world.