The Chalukya dynasty ruled southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. The rule of the ChaluKYas marks an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in theHistory of Karnataka. A theory that they were descendants of a 2nd-century chieftain called Kandachaliki Remmanaka has been put forward.
About Chalukya dynasty in brief
The Chalukya dynasty ruled southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. They ruled as three related yet individual dynasties. The earliest dynasty, known as the \”Badami ChalUkyas\”, ruled from Vatapi from the middle of the6th century. In the western Deccan, the rise of the Rashtrakutas eclipsed the Badami before being revived by their descendants, the Western Chalu Kyas. The rule of the ChaluKYas marks an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in theHistory of Karnataka. A theory that they were descendants of a 2nd-century chieftain called Kandachaliki Remmanaka, a feudatory of the Andhra Ikshvaku has been put forward. However, according to the historians K. V. Ramesh, Chopra and Sastri, there is no evidence to support this theory. The historians Jan Houben and D. C. Sircar claim they were Kshatriyas while other sources claim they belonged to the Shudra caste of the Kannada region. The ChaluKyas address themselves as Harithiputras of Manavyasagotra in their inscriptions, which is the same lineage as their early overlords, the Kadambas of Banavasi. The rise of this empire saw the birth of efficient administration, overseas trade and commerce and the development of new style of architecture called ‘Chalukyan architecture’. It was a popular practice in the 11th century to link South Indian royal family lineage to a Northern kingdom.
A later record of Eastern Chalukias mentions the northern origin theory and claims one ruler of Ayodhya came south, defeated the Pallavas and married a Pallava princess. This is a distinct possibility and may have been due to their earlier migration into the present day Karnataka region where they achieved success and kings as chieftains and kings into the place of Badami. The Badami Chalukeya records themselves are silent with regards to theAyodhya origin. It is possible that an earlier migration is a possibility which needs examination and their family connections of Kannadiga, and their subsequent family connections to the southern region of Karnadiga may have had no significance to the origin of the ancestors of their ancestors. The history of the region has been described as a ‘golden age’ of the Karnadiga region and of the Indian sub-continent in the 7th and 8th century, when the political atmosphere in South India shifted from smaller kingdoms to large empires. The 12th century saw the patronage of Telugu literature under the Eastern Chal ukkyas. This makes them descendants of the Kad Ambas, who ruled the region between the Kaveri and the Narmada rivers. The 13th century was the peak of the influence of the Telugu language in the region.