Bogotá is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District. It is the third-highest capital in South America and in the world after Quito and La Paz, at an average of 2,640 metres above sea level. The city was founded by Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada on 6 August 1538, after a harsh expedition into the Andes conquering theMuisca. The name of Bogotá corresponds to the Spanish pronunciation of the Chibcha Bacatá.
About Bogotá, Colombia in brief
Bogotá is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, as well as the capital of the department of Cundinamarca. It is the third-highest capital in South America and in the world after Quito and La Paz, at an average of 2,640 metres above sea level. The city is home to central offices of the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch of the Colombian government. Bogotá ranks 52nd on the Global Index 2014, and is considered a global city type by GaWC in 2020. It has the highest nominal GDP in the country, responsible for almost a quarter of the nation’s total. The city’s airport, El Dorado, handles the largest volume of cargo in Latin America, and third in the Latin America. The number of people living in the city is the largest in the South American region. The name of Bogot corresponds to the Spanish pronunciation of the Chibcha Bacatá, which was the name of a neighboring settlement located between the modern towns of Funza and Cota. The Muisca were the indigenous inhabitants of the region, and they called the place of the foundation \”Thybzaca\” or \”Old Town\”. The city was founded by Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada on 6 August 1538, after a harsh expedition into the Andes conquering theMuisca. The word ‘Andes’ in the Aymara language means’shining mountain’, thus rendering the full lexical signification of Bogosá as ‘The Lady of the shining mountain’ and ‘Bacatá’ as ‘walling of the farmland’ The city has the largest number of universities and research centers in Colombia, with many theaters, theaters, museums and libraries.
It was the first populated by groups of indigenous people who migrated south based on the Bogoté savanna. The modern city was built by people from the Anda valley who settled in the southern Andes valleys and built the modern Bogotán city in the 1970s. The area of the city has a relatively cool climate that is constant through the year, with a volume of 1,587 square kilometres and a relatively low temperature of 0.7 degrees Celsius. The capital hosts the main financial market in Colombia and the Andean natural region, and is the leading destination for new foreign direct investment projects coming into Latin America and Colombia. It also hosts the country’s largest university and research center, and it is an important cultural center with many universities and theaters, with theaters, libraries and museums, and a large population of people. It is the home to the Colombian national soccer team, the Estadio Nacional de Colombia, which won the World Cup in 2010 and 2012. The Colombian national football team is known as the Estados Unidos de Colombia (the National Football Team) and the Colombian Football Association (Colombian Football Association).