Black Panther Party
Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party on October 15, 1966 in Oakland, California. The party was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982, with chapters in numerous major cities. In-fighting among Party leadership, fomented largely by the FBI’s COINTELPRO operation, led to expulsions and defections that decimated the membership.
About Black Panther Party in brief
Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party on October 15, 1966 in Oakland, California. The party was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982, with chapters in numerous major cities. In-fighting among Party leadership, fomented largely by the FBI’s COINTELPRO operation, led to expulsions and defections that decimated the membership. The Party continued to dwindle throughout the 1970s, and by 1980 had just 27 members, according to a report by the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/black-panther-party-by-victims-of-police-brutal-crimes-and-the-war-on-drugs/). The party enrolled the most members and had the most influence in the Oakland-San Francisco Bay Area, New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Seattle, and Philadelphia. In 1969, Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover described the party as \”the greatest threat to the internal security of the country. The party’s membership reached a peak in 1970, with offices in 68 cities and thousands of members. After its leaders and members were vilified by the mainstream press, public support for the party waned, and the group became more isolated. Other commentators have described the Party as more than political, characterized by criminal criminal activity over substance. During World War II, tens of thousands of blacks left the Southern states during the Second World War to find work in the war industries such as Kaiser Shipyards. The migration transformed the once white-dominated demographics of the Bay Area as well as cities in the West and North as well, altering the demographics of oncewhite-dominated cities.
A recent study by the University of California, San Francisco, found that the majority of young blacks in these cities sought to develop new forms of politics to address poverty and racism to address them. The study found that many of these new Black Panther membership members sought to address these new Forms of Racism to address their parents’ concerns about racism and poverty. It also found that most of the young blacks who joined the Panther Party were African-American, and many of them were from the West Coast and from the South, where they were less likely to have access to social services such as food and health care. It found that they were also more likely to be involved in criminal activities such as drug dealing and extortion of Oakland merchants, such as extortion of merchants. The report found that more than half of young Black Panther members were involved in some form of criminal activity, including drug dealing, extortion, extortion and drug possession, and drug dealing. In the U.S. the party continued to influence local politics until 1974, when the Chicago chapter also remained active and maintained their community programs until 1974. The Seattle chapter persisted longer than most, with a breakfast program and medical clinics that continued even after the chapter disbanded in 1977. The Chicago chapter continued to maintain their community Programs until 1974; the Seattle chapter remained active until 1977.