Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu–Tanambogo
The Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu–Tanambogo was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. It took place from 7–9 August 1942 on the Solomon Islands, during the initial Allied landings in the Guadalcanal campaign. The landings were fiercely resisted by the Japanese Navy troops who, heavily outnumbered and outgunned by the Allied forces, fought and died almost to the last man.
About Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu–Tanambogo in brief
The Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu–Tanambogo was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. It took place from 7–9 August 1942 on the Solomon Islands, during the initial Allied landings in the Guadalcanal campaign. The landings were fiercely resisted by the Japanese Navy troops who, heavily outnumbered and outgunned by the Allied forces, fought and died almost to the last man. Allied troops were also landing on nearby Guadal canal, with the objective of capturing an airfield under construction by Japanese forces. The Allied plan to attack the southern Solomons was conceived by U. S. Admiral Ernest King, Commander in Chief, United States Fleet. He proposed the offensive to deny the use of the southern Solomon Islands by theJapanese as bases to threaten the supply routes between the U.S. and Australia, and to use them as starting points for a campaign. Other Allied land, naval, and air force units were sent to establish bases in Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa and Espiritu Santo in preparation for the impending offensive. The offensive was called Operation Watchtower and began in May 1942. It was followed by the Battle of the Coral Sea and Battle of Midway, which ended the Japanese offensive in the south and central Pacific. The battle was the first major Allied offensive against the Japanese in the South Pacific during the war. The Japanese were forced to retreat to the Philippines, where they were eventually defeated by Allied forces in the Philippines and New Guinea.
The war ended in 1945 with the fall of Japan and the liberation of most of the islands in the southern Pacific, as well as a number of other Pacific islands, including Guam and the Marshall Islands. The Battle of Leyte Gulf was the last major Allied land battle in the Pacific, ending with the surrender of the Japanese and the loss of much of their naval fleet. The Allies would go on to win the war in Europe and the Middle East, and the Pacific would become the focus of the Second World War. The Pacific was the only theater of the war where the Allies were able to defeat the Japanese, and they would also be able to take back some of their most strategic possessions in the region, such as Malaya, Singapore, the Dutch East Indies, Wake Island, Gilbert Islands, New Britain, and Guam. The campaign ended with the Allied victory over the Japanese at the Battle for the Bulge in May 1945, and with the end of the conflict in Europe in August. The allied victory in the battle for New Guinea led to the creation of the Allied New Guinea campaign, which began in October 1942. The final Allied offensive was the invasion of New Zealand in November 1942, which resulted in the capture of Rabaul, New Zealand, Fiji, Samoa, and Samoa. The Solomon Islands were used as a staging area for future Allied offensive operations in the area, including the invasion and occupation of New Guinea and the subsequent liberation of the Philippines.