Battle of Edson’s Ridge
The Battle of Edson’s Ridge was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. It took place from 12–14 September 1942, on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. It was the second of three separate major Japanese ground offensives during the Guadal canal campaign. It led to the creation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 805, which called for an end to the war by the end of the year.
About Battle of Edson’s Ridge in brief
The Battle of Edson’s Ridge was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. It took place from 12–14 September 1942, on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. It was the second of three separate major Japanese ground offensives during the Guadal canal campaign. U.S. Marines repulsed an attack by the Japanese 35th Infantry Brigade, under the command of Japanese Major General Kiyotake Kawaguchi. The Marines were defending the Lunga perimeter that guarded Henderson Field, which was captured from the Japanese by the Allies in landings on the island on 7 August 1942. The Japanese continued to send troops to Guadal Canal for further attempts to retake the airfield, affecting Japanese offensive operations in other areas of the South Pacific. The landings were meant to deny the Japanese use of the islands as bases for threatening the supply routes between the U. S. and Australia. They were also intended to secure the islands for a campaign to neutralize the major Japanese base at Rabaul and support the Allied New Guinea campaign. The Allied aircraft and pilots that operated out of Henderson Field were called the “Cactus Air Force” after the Allied code name for GuadalCanal. The battle ended with heavy losses for the Japanese, who were forced to withdraw from the island after losing the battle and the Battle of Midway in June 1942. It also led to the creation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 805, which called for an end to the war in the Pacific by the end of the year.
The U.N. resolution also called for the establishment of a no-fly zone over the Pacific to prevent any further Allied landings in the region, and called for a cease-fire to end the war by July 31, 1944. The United States and the United Kingdom agreed to the resolution on July 30, 1944, and the war ended on August 1, 1945, with the end to hostilities in the area. The war ended with the surrender of the Japanese in August 1945, and a prisoner-of-war swap between the Allies and the Japanese for prisoner- of-war detainees in August 1946. The two sides also agreed to an armistice that ended the war on August 31, 1945. The treaty was signed on September 1, 1949, and was signed by the United States, the UK and the Netherlands. The Treaty of Versailles was signed the same day, and both sides agreed to a series of armistices that would end the conflict in August 1950, including an agreement on the future location of the Allied Embassy in Tokyo. The cease-fires were signed on October 1, 1950, and October 2, 1951. The final day of the war was September 14, 1951, and it was agreed that the Japanese would leave the Solomon islands after a prisoner exchange with the Americans. The last day of hostilities was September 17, 1951; the Japanese left the Solomon Island area after a series of prisoner arrests and returned to Japan.