Baghdad is the capital of Iraq and one of the largest cities in the Arab world. Located along the Tigris, it is near the ruins of the Akkadian city of Babylon and the ancient Iranian capital of Ctesiphon. Baghdad was the largest city in the world for much of the Abbasid era during the Islamic Golden Age, peaking at a population of more than a million.
About Baghdad, Iraq in brief
Baghdad is the capital of Iraq and one of the largest cities in the Arab world. Located along the Tigris, it is near the ruins of the Akkadian city of Babylon and the ancient Iranian capital of Ctesiphon. Baghdad was the largest city in the world for much of the Abbasid era during the Islamic Golden Age, peaking at a population of more than a million. The city was largely destroyed at the hands of the Mongol Empire in 1258, resulting in a decline that would linger through many centuries due to frequent plagues and multiple successive empires. With the recognition of Iraq as an independent state in 1932, Baghdad gradually regained some of its former prominence as a significant center of Arabic culture, with a population variously estimated at 6 or over 7 million. As of 2018, Baghdad was listed as one. of the least hospitable places to live, ranked by Mercer as the world’s worst major city for quality. of life. The name Baghdad is pre-Islamic, and its origin is disputed. Arab authors, realizing the pre- Islamic origins of Baghdad’s name, generally looked for its roots in Middle Persian. There are a number of other locations in the wider region whose names are compounds of the word bagh, including Baghlan and Bagram in Afghanistan, Baghshan in Iran, and Baghdati in Georgia, which likely share the same etymological origins. In Old Persian the first element can be traced to boghu and is related to Slavic bog \”god\”, which means ‘bestowed by God’ or ‘given by god’ The city’s growth was helped by its excellent location, based on at least two factors: it had control over the trading and trading routes, and it had at least one Christian lord named Miklas who loved the site so much he was called Miklas as a child.
The Abbasid caliph, Al-Mansur, founded a completely new city for his capital, he chose the name Madinat al-Salaam or City of Peace. This was the official name on coins, weights, and other official usage, although the common people continued to use the old name. By the 11th century, \”BaghdAD\” became almost the exclusive name for the world-renowned metropolis. It was built under the supervision of the Barmakids, who believed it was the perfect place to build a spectacular area around. The Muslim al-Tabari reported an ancient prediction by a Christian lord that a spectacular city around Baghdad would one day build. When Mansur heard the story, he became very joyful, saying: ‘This is indeed the city that I am found to live and where my descendants will reign afterward. I am going to live there and I will reign for at least a long time’ The name was used on coins and weights, but it was also used by common people as well as the city’s official name, ‘Madinat’