Auriga is one of the 88 modern constellations. Its name is Latin for “ charioteer”, associating it with various mythological beings, including Erichthonius and Myrtilus. Because of its northern declination, Auriga only visible in its entirety as far as 34° south.
About Auriga (constellation) in brief
Auriga is one of the 88 modern constellations. Its name is Latin for “ charioteer”, associating it with various mythological beings, including Erichthonius and Myrtilus. Auriga is most prominent during winter evenings in the northern Hemisphere. Because of its northern declination, Auriga only visible in its entirety as far as 34° south. For observers farther south it lies partially or fully below the horizon. A large constellation, with an area of 657 square degrees, it is half the size of the largest, Hydra. Its brightest star, Capella, is an unusual multiple star system among the brightest stars in the night sky. It has many bright open clusters in its borders, including M36, M37, and M38. It also has one prominent nebula, the Flaming Star Nebula, associated with the variable star AE Aurigae. It is home to the radiant for the Aurigids, Zeta Aurigid, Delta AurigID, and the hypothesized Iota AurigIDS. In Greek mythology, Aurga is often identified as the mythological Greek hero ErichThonius of Athens, the chthonic son of Hephaestus who was raised by the goddess Athena. An incidental appearance of Auriga in Greek mythology is the limbs of Medea’s brother, Jason, as they journeyed home, dismembered by the Argonauts, and flinging parts of his body into the sky. The first record of Aurga’s stars was in Mesopotamia as a constellation called GAM, representing a scimitar or crook.
It was formed from most of the stars of the modern constellation; all of the bright stars were included except for Elnath, traditionally assigned to both Taurus and Auriga. Later, Bedouin astronomers created constellation that were groups of animals, where each star represented one animal. Auriga’s stars comprised a herd of goats, an association also present inGreek mythology. The association with goats carried into the Greek astronomical tradition, though it later became associated with a goat-herd along with the shepherd. It’s likely that Auriga was created by the ancient Greeks to commemorate the importance of the chariot in their society in their mythological society. In Chinese mythology,. Auriga’s stars were incorporated into severalconstellations, including the celestial emperors’ chariots, made up of themodern constellation’s brightest stars. The association is supported by depictions of the constellation, which rarely show a chariot, and rarely show the constellation. It is also known as Auriga, which means ‘the crook of a goat’ or “the home of a shepherd’ in the local language of Mesopotamian or in the Arabic language as ‘Gambul’. The constellation is also called Auriga or ‘The Crook of the Goat’, which is the name given to a constellation of the same name.