Atmosphere of Jupiter
The atmosphere of Jupiter is the largest planetary atmosphere in the Solar System. It is mostly made of molecular hydrogen and helium in roughly solar proportions. Unlike the Earth’s atmosphere, Jupiter’s lacks a mesosphere. Jupiter’s atmosphere shows a wide range of active phenomena, including band instabilities, vortices, storms and lightning.
About Atmosphere of Jupiter in brief
The atmosphere of Jupiter is the largest planetary atmosphere in the Solar System. It is mostly made of molecular hydrogen and helium in roughly solar proportions. Unlike the Earth’s atmosphere, Jupiter’s lacks a mesosphere. Jupiter’s atmosphere shows a wide range of active phenomena, including band instabilities, vortices, storms and lightning. The largest two spots are the Great Red Spot and Oval BA, which is also red. The storms are a result of moist convection in the atmosphere connected to the evaporation and condensation of water. The lightning strikes on Jupiter are hundreds of times more powerful than those seen on Earth, and are assumed to be associated with the water clouds. Jupiter has powerful storms, often accompanied by lightning strikes. Jupiter does not have a solid surface, and the lowest atmospheric layer, the troposphere, smoothly transitions into the planet’s fluid interior. It contains a complicated system of clouds and hazes, comprising layers of ammonia, ammonium hydrosulfide and water. In the thermosphere, temperatures continue to rise, eventually reaching about 1000 K at an altitude of about 1 nbar, where Jupiter’s troposphere is about 1,000km above Earth. The temperature of the Jupiter atmosphere decreases with height until it reaches a minimum at the tropopause, where the temperature is approximately 50 km above the surface. The atmosphere is complicated and complicated where the pressure and temperature are about 0.1 bar and about 200km above Jupiter’s equator.
It also contains clouds and clouds where the temperatures are about 50 K and about 100 km above the equator, where they are visible. The Jupiter atmosphere is classified into four layers, by increasing altitude: the Troposphere, stratosphere, ther Atmosphere and exosphere. Unlike Earth, the top atmospheric layer,. the exosphere, does not has a well defined upper boundary. The density gradually decreases until it smoothly transitioning into the interplanetary medium approximately 5,000 km above the Earth. Jupiter’s exosphere contains clouds where temperatures are around 320km and around 1 Nbar, and at about 200 km, at the transition into the ther atmosphere, temperatures are about 200 K to about 1 nbar and around 100 K. The exosphere is a complicated and complex system, with layers of water, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia. It has a temperature of around 340 K, with a pressure level of around 1 bar and a height of about 90 km below 1 bar. It could engulf two or three Earths and has existed for at least three hundred years. Located in the southern hemisphere, the GRS is the biggest known vortex in the solar System. It could be a third the size of GRS that formed in 2000 from the merging of three white ovals. The Jovian atmosphere is thought to be relatively shallow structures with depths not exceeding several hundred kilometers, with depths of up to 1,500 kilometers.