Al-Qaeda operates as a network of Islamic extremists and Salafist jihadists. The deaths of key leaders have led al-Qaeda’s operations to shift from top-down organization and planning of attacks. The group has been led by Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahiri since his death in 2011.
About Al-Qaeda in brief
Al-Qaeda operates as a network of Islamic extremists and Salafist jihadists. Al-Qaeda has mounted attacks on non-military and military targets in various countries. The deaths of key leaders have led al-Qaeda’s operations to shift from top-down organization and planning of attacks. Experts argue that al- Qaeda has fragmented into a number of disparate regional movements. This view mirrors the account given by Osama bin Laden in his October 2001 interview with Tayseer Allouni: We are the children of an Islamic Nation with our leader, our leader is Lord Muhammad, and the true believers are brothers. We aren’t separated from this nation and this name is very old. We are a nation, a nation of children of a brutal, arrogant, brutalizing Soviet nation. So this was called ‘The Base’ so we grew and became this name and so became this nation. That particular name is a very old name. It was born without any intention from us Brother Abu. Ubaida… It was created to train the young men to fight against the vicious, arrogant,. brutalizing, Soviet nation of the United States of America. It is not about any specific person and… is about the al-Qa’idah Organization. So that there is an ‘organization’ with a specific name and a specific ‘organisation’ with specific goals and objectives. The organization has been designated as a terrorist group by the United Nations Security Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the European Union, the United Kingdom, Russia, India, and various other countries.
After the War on Terror, al-Qaida’s leadership has become isolated. As a result, the organization has become regionalized into several al-Nusra Front groups and lone-wolf operators. The group has been led by Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahiri since his death in 2011. The U.S. government responded to the September 11 attacks by launching the \”War on Terror\”, which sought to undermine al-Pakistan and its allies. The United States government has launched a series of military operations against al-Pakistani, Yemeni, Egyptian, and Syrian targets in the past few years, including air strikes and drone attacks. The attacks have been blamed on al-Peshmerga forces, who are believed to be loyal to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The group is also responsible for instigating sectarian violence among Muslims. It regards liberal Muslims, Shias, Sufis and other sects as heretical and its members and sympathizers have attacked their mosques and gatherings. It also opposes what it regards as man-made laws, and wants to replace them with a strict form of sharia law. It believes that a Christian–Jewish alliance is conspiring to destroy Islam. It has carried out many attacks on people whom it considers kafir, including the Yazidi community bombings, the Sadr City bombings and the Ashoura massacre and the April 2007 Baghdad bombings. It wants to remove all foreign influences in Muslim countries.