Tbilisi was founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I of Iberia. Until 1936, the name of the city in English and most other languages was Tiflis. The name Tbilisi derives from Old Georgian t′bilisi, and further from tpili. The current capital city of Georgia is named after the city’s former capital city.
About Tbilisi, Georgia in brief
Tbilisi was founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I of Iberia. Until 1936, the name of the city in English and most other languages was Tiflis. The name Tbilisi derives from Old Georgian t′bilisi, and further from tpili. The city’s architecture is a mix of medieval, neoclassical, Beaux Arts, Art Nouveau, Stalinist and the Modern structures. Its notable tourist destinations include cathedrals Sameba and Sioni, Freedom Square, Rustaveli Avenue and Agmashenebeli Avenue, medieval Narikala Fortress, the pseudo-Moorish Opera Theater, and the Georgian National Museum. Because of its location on the crossroads between Europe and Asia, and its proximity to the lucrative Silk Road, throughout history Tbiliso has been a point of contention among various global powers. The climate in the city mostly ranges from 20 to 32 °C in the summer and 7 to −1 °C in the winter. It was the seat of the Imperial Viceroy, governing both Southern and Northern Caucasus, between 1801 and 1917. The Georgian parliament held a ceremony celebrating the 70th anniversary of the renaming on 20 September 2006. Some languages such as Turkish, Persian, Greek, and German have retained a variation of Tifris. The Ossetian name derives from the Georgian word meaning simply ‘town’. Chechen and Ingush names for the city use a form similar to or the same as their names for Georgia.
The historical Kabardian name is from the Mingrelian ქალთსი. The name Abkhaz means ‘town’ or ‘city’ in Chechen, Ingush, and Abhkaz. It is also used in Chechnya and the Dagestan region of the Russian Empire as a name for a town or town in the Russian language. It has been home to people of multiple cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. In the early Bronze Age, it was the largest settlement in the early Iron Age, and during the late Bronze Age it was covered by forests as late as 458 years old. The King of Kartli allegedly caught or injured a falconed bird while hunting in the region, which fell into his falcon’s pheasant hunt after which he named the settlement T′bili or T′ Bilisi. The current capital city of Georgia is named after the city’s former capital city, T′pilisi, which was also known as Tiflis before the Soviet Union’s annexation of the region in 1918. The capital city is the largest city in Georgia, with a population of approximately 1.5 million people. It lies on the banks of the Kura River, and is home to a variety of architectural styles, including Beaux-Arts and Modernist.