Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County. It is located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California’s Sacramento Valley. At the 2010 census, Sacramento had a population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth-largest in California and ninth-largest capital in the United States.
About Sacramento, California in brief
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County. It is located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California’s Sacramento Valley. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan, Maidu and other indigenous peoples of California. Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub. In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento \”America’s Most Diverse City\”. The city is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most \”hipster city\” in California. In 1848, gold was discovered in the Sacramento Valley and John Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a gold-mill so he could continue to expand his empire. The valley and the river were then christened after the \”Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ\”, referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. At the 2010 census, Sacramento had a population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth-largest in California and ninth-largest capital in the United States. Sacramento International Airport, located northwest of the city, is the city’s major airport, and is the site of the California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, and the California State Railroad Museum. The California State Capitol Museum is the California Hall of Fame and the Old Sacramento State Historic Park are also located in the city.
The city’s population of 513,625 makes it the sixth-largest city inCalifornia and the ninth- largest capital in United States, and it is the state’s political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center and the UC Davis School of Medicine, and notable tourist destination in California; it is home to California State University, Sacramento and the University of California, Davis. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California, granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento valley to Swiss-born Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter’s Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Unlike the settlers who would eventually make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans had lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, and by fruits, bulbs, seeds, and roots gathered throughout the year. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: “Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. The air was like champagne, and drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them.”