California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. It is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Los Angeles is California’s most populous city, and the country’s second-most-populous, after New York City. California’s economy, with a gross state product of USD 3. 2 trillion as of 2019, is the largest sub-national economy in the world.
About California in brief
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. It is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Los Angeles is California’s most populous city, and the country’s second-most-populous, after New York City. California’s economy, with a gross state product of USD 3. 2 trillion as of 2019, is the largest sub-national economy in the world. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, communication, information, innovation, environmentalism, economics, politics, and entertainment. The state’s diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast and Metropolitan areas in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state’s center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate and monsoon seasonal weather, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. All these factors lead to an enormous demand for water; in total numbers, California is thelargest consumer of water in North America. California shares a border with Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, and Mexican state of Baja California to the south. The name likely derived from the mythical island of Calafia in the mythical story of Queen Calafia, recorded in a 1510 work by Rodríguez de Esplandi.
This work was a popular work of chivalric romance by Rodriquez de Montalvo. The Spaniards gave the name to the region that became the present-day state of California, and to Alta California, a region that was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war, but was ceded to the United states in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. California was then the 31st state in September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush led to dramatic demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and eastward with an accompanying economic boom. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation’sSecond- and third- largest urban economies after the New York metropolitan area. Although it accounts for only 1. 5% of thestate’s economy,. California’s agriculture industry has the highest output of any U. S. state. The San FranciscoBay Area Combined Statistical Area is home to four of the world’s ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of world’s top ten richest people. It is considered the origin of the hippie counterculture, beach and car culture, the Internet, and the personal computer, among others. The city of San Francisco is both the country’s second most densely populated major city and the fifth most-densely populated county, behind only four of five New York city boroughs.