Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,680,992 people. It is also the largest state capital by population, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents. Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun. The metropolitan area is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million people as of 2017.
About Phoenix, Arizona in brief
Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,680,992 people. It is also the largest state capital by population, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents. Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with approximately 4. 73 million people as of 2017. The Hohokam people occupied the Phoenix area for 2,000 years. The Akimel O’odham were the major group in the area. They lived in small villages with well-defined irrigation systems that spread over the Gila River Valley, from Florence in the east to the Estrellas in the west. Their crops included corn, beans, and squash for food as well as cotton and tobacco. They banded with the Maricopa for protection against incursions by the Yuma and Apache tribes. The Mexican–American War ended in 1848, and Phoenix became the U.S. state of Saguina. The area became part of New Mexico Territory in 1865. The first mining town was Wickenburg, Arizona, to the northwest of Phoenix, to be established in 1863. The city was incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. The Phoenix area is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. Its canal system led to a thriving farming community.
Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were known locally as the \”Five C’s\” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city until after World War II, when high-tech companies began to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix’s hot summers more bearable. The city averaged a four percent annual population growth rate over a 40-year period from the mid-1960s to the mid-’90s. The growth rate slowed during the Great Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. The largest city in the state at 517. 9 square miles, more than twice the size of Tucson and one of the largest cities in the US. The population of Phoenix is 1.6 million, making it the state’s largest city and fifth-most populous city by population. The state capital is Phoenix, which is also home to the University of Arizona, the Arizona State Capitol, and Arizona State University. It was established in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the salt and Gila Rivers. The Tohono O’odham also lived in the region, but largely to the south and all the way to the Mexican border. They also carried out extensive trade with the nearby Ancient Puebloans, Mogollon, and Sinagua, aswell as with the more distant Mesoamerican civilizations. They were offshoots of the Sobaipuri tribe, who in turn were thought to be the descendants of the Hohoks.