Arizona is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. It shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico. The state’s name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O’odham name alĭ Ṣonak, meaning small spring.
About Arizona in brief
Arizona is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. It shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico. The state’s name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O’odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning small spring. Since the 1950s, Arizona’s population and economy have grown dramatically because of migration into the state. The proportion of Hispanics in the state’s population has grown significantly owing to migration from Mexico. About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, with more than 300,000 citizens. Arizona is politically known for national conservative figures such as Barry Goldwater and John McCain, though it voted Democratic in the 2020 presidential and senatorial elections. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments. Arizona has a substantial Mormon population. It is home to the University of Arizona and Arizona State University, which are home to major universities, including Arizona State College of Medicine and University of Phoenix. For thousands of years before the modern era, Arizona was home to many Native American. cultures. Many of their pueblos, cliffside dwellings, rock paintings and other prehistoric treasures have survived and attract thousands of tourists each year.
In 1539, Marcos de. Franciza, a Spanish Franciscan, became the first European to contact Native Americans. The expedition of Spanish explorer Coronado Cíbola entered the area in 1540–1542 during its search for the Sobaipola. Few settlers migrated to Arizona in the early 20th century, but many converted to Christianity in the 1690s and 18th century. When José Romo de Vivarino was the next European in the region in 1775, he led the development of a chain of missions in Arizona. He converted many of the Indians in the Pimería Alta Alta in the late 1700s and early 1800s. He was the first member of the Society of Jesus of Jesus, which founded the Tucson missions in the 1775s and 1775 in Tucson and Tubac. The mission was the last to leave Arizona in 1778. The U.S. statehood act of 1912 gave the state the right to be admitted to the Union. It became the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admission to the union. It achieved statehood on February 14, 1912. The southernmost portion of theState was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase. The area is still known as alĬ Ṣonak in the O’odham language, The state is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; mountain ranges.