Peter the Great
Peter the Great was the Tsar of Russia from 7 May 1682 until his death in 1725. He ruled jointly with his elder half-brother, Ivan V, until 1696. Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire. He is also known for founding and developing the city of Saint Petersburg, which remained the capital of Russia until 1917.
About Peter the Great in brief
Peter the Great was the Tsar of Russia from 7 May 1682 until his death in 1725. He ruled jointly with his elder half-brother, Ivan V, until 1696. Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He is also known for founding and developing the city of Saint Petersburg, which remained the capital of Russia until 1917. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, Westernised and based on the Enlightenment. Peter’s reforms had a lasting impact on Russia, and many institutions of the Russian government trace their origins to his reign. Peter was named after the apostle, and described as a newborn as \”with good health, his mother’s black, vaguely Tatar eyes, and a tuft of auburn hair\”, from an early age Peter’s education was put in the hands of several tutors, most notably Nikita Zotov, Patrick Gordon, and Paul Menesius. His mother, Sophia, acted as regent during the minority of the sovereigns and exercised all power. For seven years, she ruled as an autocrat. By the summer of 1689, Peter, then 17, planned to take power from his half-ister Sophia, whose position had been weakened by two unsuccessful campaigns against the Crimean Khan.
The marriage was a failure, and ten years later Peter forced his wife to become a nun and thus freed himself from the union. Peter the Great died on 8 February 1725, and was buried in the Kremlin Armoury in Moscow. He was succeeded by his son Ivan V of Russia, who ruled from 1696 to 1725 and was the last Tsar to hold the Russian throne before the death of Ivan V in 1726. Peter is buried in St Petersburg, along with his wife Eudoxia Lophina, his daughter-in-law, and their three children. Peter died on 9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725, at the age of 40, and is remembered as one of the greatest monarchs of the 20th century. His reign was followed by a series of wars, including the Battle of Stalingrad and the First Opium War, which ended in 1805. Peter also led the creation of the Imperial Russian Navy, which became the most powerful navy in the world in the early 20th Century. He died on 7 June 1672, aged 40, with the title of “Sovereign and Ruler of all the Russias” in his name. He also had the title “Tsar of Moscow, of Kiev, of Vladimir, of Novgorod, of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan and Siberian Kings, of the Kabardin lands, of the Circassian and Mountain princes and many other states and lands western and eastern here and there and the successor and ruler.