St. Petersburg, Russia
Saint Petersburg is the second-largest city in Russia. It is situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. The city was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703 on the site of a captured Swedish fortress. It served as a capital of the Tsardom of Russia and the subsequent Russian Empire from 1713 to 1918.
About St. Petersburg, Russia in brief
Saint Petersburg is the second-largest city in Russia. It is situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. The city was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703 on the site of a captured Swedish fortress, and was named after apostle Saint Peter. It served as a capital of the Tsardom of Russia and the subsequent Russian Empire from 1713 to 1918. After the October Revolution in 1917, the Bolsheviks moved their government to Moscow. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. St. Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world, and the Lakhta Center, the tallest skyscraper in Europe. It received over 15 million tourists in 2018, and is considered an important economic, scientific, cultural, and tourism centre of Russia. The northernmost metropolis, St. Petersburg is often called the Venice of the North or Russian Venice due to its many water corridors, as the city is built on swamp and water. Another nickname of St. Petersburg is The City of White Nights because of a natural phenomenon which arises due to the closeness to the polar region and ensures that in summer the nights of the city do not get completely dark for a month. In modern times, the city has the nickname of the \”Northern Capital\” and serves as a home to some federal government bodies such as the Constitutional Court of Russia, the Heraldic Council of the President of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Court of the Russia.
The city’s traditional nicknames among Russians are the Window to the West and the window to Europe. The historic centre of Saint Petersburg and related groups of museums constitutes a UNESCO world Heritage Site, and it is also a seat for the National Library of Russia as well as the headquarters of the Russian Navy and the Western Military District of theRussian Armed Forces. It was the host city of the 2018 FIFA World Cup and hosted the opening ceremony of the UEFA Europa League final on June 14, 2014. It has a population of roughly 5.4 million, making it the fourth-most populous city in Europe, the most-populous city on theBaltic Sea, as well and the world’s northernmost city with over 1 million residents. It also serves as the home to Russia’s National Library and the National Museum of Russia as well as being a planned location for Russia’s Supreme Court. The Russian Navy is based in the city, which is also the home of the World War II memorial of the Battle of Stalingrad. The Russian Army is headquartered in Saint Petersburg, and has its headquarters in the nearby city of Krasnoye Selo. It is also home to one of Russia’s biggest naval bases, the Spartan Islands, which was built in the early 20th century.