Peter Martyr Vermigli
Peter Martyr Vermigli was an Italian-born Reformed theologian. Born in Florence, he entered a religious order and was appointed to influential posts as abbot and prior. In England, he influenced the Edwardian Reformation, including the Eucharistic service of the 1552 Book of Common Prayer. His best-known theological contribution was defending the Reformed doctrine of the Eucarist against Catholics and Lutherans.
About Peter Martyr Vermigli in brief
Peter Martyr Vermigli was an Italian-born Reformed theologian. Born in Florence, he entered a religious order and was appointed to influential posts as abbot and prior. His early work as a reformer in Catholic Italy and his decision to flee for Protestant northern Europe influenced many other Italians to convert and flee as well. In England, he influenced the Edwardian Reformation, including the Eucharistic service of the 1552 Book of Common Prayer. His best-known theological contribution was defending the Reformed doctrine of the Eucarist against Catholics and Lutherans. He developed a strong doctrine of double predestination independently of John Calvin. His political theology was important in the Elizabethan religious settlement; he provided theological justification for Royal Supremacy, the doctrine that the king of a territory, rather than any ecclesiastical authority, rules the church. He was forced to leave England on the accession of the Catholic Queen Mary. As a Marian exile he returned to Strasbourg and his former teaching position. In 1562 he transferred to Reformed Zürich where he taught until his death in 1562. He took the name Peter Martyr after the thirteenth-century Dominican Saint Peter of Verona. He died in 1570 in Zurich. He is survived by his wife, two children and two grandchildren. He had a son, Piero Mariano, and a daughter, Felicita Antonio, who were born in 1501 and his brother Antonio Lorenzo Romulo was born in 1504.
His mother taught him Latin before enrolling him in a school for children of noble Florentines. His sister followed him into the monastic life becoming a nun in 1518. He also taught himself Greek, despite the lack of Greek teachers, so he received a thorough training in Thomolistic scholasticism and Christianism. He wrote a number of treatises on the Bible and on the Church Fathers. His last work, Loci Communes, became a standard Reformed theological textbook. It was published in 1560. He later died in Zurich and was buried in the church of Saint John of Padua, with which he was loosely affiliated, in 1563. He left a son and daughter, Antonio Lorenzo, who was also a nun, and two daughters, Felicity Antonio and Maria Fumantina, who later became a nun. His son Piero died in 1499 and his daughter FelicitA Antonio was born on 8 September 1499 in Florence. His daughter was married to a wealthy shoemaker, Stefano di Antonio VerMigli, a wealthy. shoemaker and Maria. Fled Italy in 1511, when Piero was twelve, and became a novice at the Badia Fiesolana, a monastery of the Canons Regular of the Lateran. He read Aristotle in his original language, so taught himself in Greek, so that he was able to teach himself in his native tongue. He then went on to become an abbot in Padua in 1514.