PBS was established on November 3, 1969 by Hartford N. Gunn Jr. and John Macy. It began operations on October 5, 1970, taking over many of the functions of its predecessor, National Educational Television. As of 2020, PBS has nearly 350 member stations around the nation.
About PBS in brief
PBS was established on November 3, 1969 by Hartford N. Gunn Jr. and John Macy. It began operations on October 5, 1970, taking over many of the functions of its predecessor, National Educational Television. In 1973, it merged with Educational Television Stations. As of 2020, PBS has nearly 350 member stations around the nation. A 2016–2017 study by Nielsen Media Research found 80% of all US television households view the network’s programs over the course of a year. In 2019, PBS announced plans to move its headquarters to a new building in Crystal City, Virginia. PBS is asking the Arlington County Board for permission to add its logo to the top of its new headquarters, which has a 40-year-old restriction placed on it. However, PBS is not responsible for all programming carried on public television stations, a large proportion of which may come from its member stations. Each station is charged with the responsibility of programming local content such as news, interviews, cultural, and public affairs programs for their individual market or state. In a television network structure, affiliates give up portions of their local advertising airtime in exchange for carrying network programming, and the network pays its affiliates a share of the revenue it earns from advertising. By contrast, PBS member stations pay fees for the shows acquired and distributed by the national organization. However PBS has a policy which requires the most stations to clear national prime time programs on a common schedule to preserve the tension between the network and the stations.
Once offered some times, some PBS members refuse to carry all of the service’s programs for unresolvable financial reasons. KCET left PBS after over 40 years in January 2011, although it would return to PBS in 2019. Although PBS has set a set schedule of programming, particularly in regard to its prime time, member stations reserve the right to choose their own PBS-distributed programs at certain times of the day, particularly if they do not clear it at all if they choose to do so. The Magic School Bus, Masterpiece Theater, Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood, Nature, Nova, the PBS NewsHour, Reading Rainbow, Sesame Street, Teletubbies, Keeping up Appearances and This Old House are some of the PBS programs that are distributed to member stations by the nonprofit organization. It is not known if PBS will continue to distribute some of its programs after the end of its current contract with the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in 2015. The organization has no plans to end the distribution of PBS programs in the near future. It has no immediate plans to stop distributing PBS programs, but it does not plan to continue distributing PBS programming in the future. The network does not have any plans to launch a new series of Downton Abbey or Finding Your Roots. It also does not intend to discontinue American Experience or America’s Test Kitchen, which it has distributed for more than 30 years. It does not distribute American Experience, America’s test Kitchen, Antiques Roadshow, Arthur, Barney & Friends, Clifford the Big Red Dog, and Finding Your roots.