The guide is published in 14 editions covering 23 countries. In 2005, Michelin published its first American guide, covering 500 restaurants in the five boroughs of New York City and 50 hotels in Manhattan. In 2009, a French edition was published for the first time, covering the countries of Algeria, Tunisia, the Alps and the Rhine, Germany, Spain, and Portugal.
About Michelin Guide in brief
Michelin Guides are a series of guide books published by the French tire company Michelin for more than a century. The term normally refers to the annually published Michelin Red Guide, the oldest European hotel and restaurant reference guide, which awards up to three Michelin stars for excellence to a select few establishments. The acquisition or loss of a star can have dramatic effects on the success of a restaurant. The guide is published in 14 editions covering 23 countries. In 2005, Michelin published its first American guide, covering 500 restaurants in the five boroughs of New York City and 50 hotels in Manhattan. In 2008, the German restaurateur Juliane Caspar was appointed editor-in-chief of the French edition of the guide. She had previously been responsible for the Michelin guides to Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. In 2013, the guide introduced a magazine, Étoile. In the same year, a Hong Kong and Macau volume was added. The first Michelin Guide to Italy was published in 1956. It awarded no stars in the first edition. In 1974, the first guide to Britain since 1931 was published. Twenty-five stars were awarded. These summaries are written in the language of the country for which they are published.
The guides have historically listed many more restaurants than rival guides, relying on an extensive system of symbols to describe each one in each edition. Reviews of starred restaurants include two to three culinary specialties. These reviews are not paid for by Michelin, and do not identify themselves, and meals and expenses are never paid by a Michelin restaurant, never being reviewed by a restaurant, and never being paid by the company. In 2010, a Tokyo Michelin guide was launched. In 2011, a New York guide was also launched. In 2012, a Paris guide was published, and in 2013, a London guide was released. In 2014, a guide to Hong Kong was launched, and a Tokyo guide was added in 2007. In 2015, a book was published about the history of Michelin Guides in the UK, with a guide for each of the UK’s major cities. The book is published by Penguin Books and is available in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, and Italian. In 2009, a French edition was published for the first time, covering the countries of Algeria, Tunisia, the Alps and the Rhine, Germany, Spain, and Portugal.