Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 until his death in 1547. He is best known for his six marriages, and his efforts to have his first marriage annulled. His disagreement with Pope Clement VII on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation. He was succeeded by his son Edward VI.
About Henry VIII in brief
Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 until his death in 1547. He is best known for his six marriages, and his efforts to have his first marriage annulled. His disagreement with Pope Clement VII on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation. Henry is also known as \”the father of the Royal Navy,\” as he invested heavily in the navy, increasing its size from a few to more than 50 ships. Henry’s contemporaries considered him an attractive, educated, and accomplished king. He has been described as ‘one of the most charismatic rulers to sit on the English throne’ He is frequently characterised in his later life as a lustful, egotistical, paranoid and tyrannical monarch. He was succeeded by his son Edward VI. Henry Tudor was the third child and second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. Of the young Henry’s six siblings, only three – Arthur, Prince of Wales; Margaret; and Mary – survived infancy. Henry was given a first-rate education from leading tutors, becoming fluent in Latin and French, and learning at least some Italian. Henry’s father made him Earl Marshal of England and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland at age three, and was made a Knight of the Bath soon after. Henry became the new Duke of Cornwall in October 1502, and the new Prince of Chester in February 1502.
He died at the age of 15, possibly of sickness, just 20 weeks after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, the youngest surviving child of King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I of Castile. He had no children of his own and was married to his second wife, Catherine of York, from 1493 to 1504. Henry had a son, Edward VI, who was born in 1499. He also had a daughter, Mary, who became Queen of England in 1516. Henry died in 1543, and died in February 1547, at the aged of 87. Henry VIII was buried at St James’ Park, London, in front of a crowd of 2,000 people, including many of his former ministers, including Thomas Wolsey, Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, Richard Rich, and Thomas Cranmer. The last of his children, Edward VII, was also buried in St James’s Park, where he was buried alongside his wife, Elizabeth. Henry VII was also the first English monarch to rule as King of Ireland following the Crown of Ireland Act 1542, and he was created Duke of York in May 1495. In 1506, Henry was further honoured, by Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, who made him a Knights of the Golden Fleece. Henry gave the young boy the few tasks strictly supervised by his father. He gave the boy a few tasks and gave him the title Young Henry, Earl of Chester and Earl of Wales in 1502 and 1503, and in 1503 he became Earl of Cornwall.