Stephen Grover Cleveland was the 22nd and 24th president of the United States. He was the only president in American history to serve two nonconsecutive terms in office. Cleveland won praise for his honesty, self-reliance, integrity, and commitment to classical liberalism.
About Grover Cleveland in brief
Stephen Grover Cleveland was the 22nd and 24th president of the United States. He was the only president in American history to serve two nonconsecutive terms in office. Cleveland won praise for his honesty, self-reliance, integrity, and commitment to classical liberalism. His crusade for political reform and fiscal conservatism made him an icon for American conservatives of the era. The Panic of 1893 produced a severe national depression, which Cleveland was unable to reverse. It ruined his Democratic Party, opening the way for a Republican landslide in 1894 and for the agrarian and silverite seizure of the Democratic Party in 1896. The result was a political realignment that ended the Third Party System and launched the Fourth Party System, and the Progressive Era. By the end of his second term, public perception showed him to be one of the most unpopular U.S. presidents, and he was by then rejected even by most Democrats. Today, Cleveland is considered by most historians to have been a successful leader, and has been praised for honesty, integrity and adherence to his morals and defying party boundaries, and effective leadership, and is generally ranked among the upper-mid tier of American presidents. He was born on March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey, to Ann and Richard Falley Cleveland. His father was a Congregational and Presbyterian minister who was originally from Connecticut. On his father’s side, Cleveland was descended from English ancestors, the first of the family having emigrated to Massachusetts from Cleveland, England in 1635.
Cleveland was distantly related to General Moses Cleaveland, after whom the city of Cleveland, Ohio, was named. In 1841, the Cleveland family moved to Fayetteville, New York, where Grover spent much of his childhood. In 1850, Cleveland’s father moved to Clinton, NY, to work as secretary for the American Home Missionary Society. In 1853, Grover began an apprenticeship in New York Patent Holland, when his father took an assignment in Holland, Holland, to take a toll on the family’s health. He became known as Grover in his adult life, and became a lawyer, judge, and judge-nominee for the New York City Board of Supervisors. He died on November 14, 1883, in New Jersey. He is buried in Mount Sinai Cemetery, in the town of Mount Sinai, New Hampshire, where he was a member of the First Presbyterian Church of Caldwell, where his father was pastor at the time. He also served as mayor of Buffalo and later, governor of New York. He had a son, Stephen Grover, who was a lawyer and judge, who served as New York’s first attorney general. He later became a judge and served as a New York State Supreme Court justice, serving from 1881 to 1892. He served as the U.N. ambassador to Japan from 1883 to 1884. He went on to become the first African-American to serve as governor of N.Y. in 1883.