COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom
There have been 2,004,219 confirmed cases and 67,075 deaths. More than 90% of those dying had underlying illnesses or were over 60 years old. Genetic sequencing has traced most cases to imported from Italy, France and Spain, rather than directly from China.
About COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom in brief
The COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019. The virus reached the country in late January 2020. There have been 2,004,219 confirmed cases and 67,075 deaths, the world’s eighth-highest death rate per hundred thousand population and the second highest number overall in Europe behind only Italy. More than 90% of those dying had underlying illnesses or were over 60 years old. Genetic sequencing has traced most cases to imported from Italy, France and Spain, rather than directly from China. In March, the UK governments imposed a stay-at-home order, dubbed \”Stay Home, Protect the NHS, Save Lives\”, banning all non-essential travel and closing most gathering places. By mid-April, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said that the UK had passed the peak of its outbreak. The UK became the first country to authorise and begin use of the Tozinameran vaccine. In December, the World Health Organization confirmed that a novel coronav virus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019. Imperial College’s Medical Research Council’s Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis has calculated mathematically estimates of case fatality rates. In a paper on March 16, the team at Imperial, led by Neil Ferguson, estimated about two-thirds of cases in travellers from China were not detected and that some of these may have begun within the countries they entered.
They forecast that the new type of coronirus could infect up to 60% of the UK’s population in the worst-case scenario. In the UK, the worst case scenario would be for the virus to enter the population within the next two years and spread to 60-70% of people. This is the most likely scenario for a pandemic to occur in the UK in the next few years. It is estimated that the virus could infect as many as 100,000 people a year, and this could be as high as 200,000 a year in some parts of the world. In February 2020, as of 19 February, there were 35 completed tests all of which returned negative results. The total number of excess deaths from the start of the outbreak to mid-June was just over 65,000. Cases rose significantly from late August onwards. Preempting a second outbreak, rules were tightened across the UK. All four national health services worked to raise hospital capacity and set up temporary critical care hospitals, including the NHS Nightingale Hospitals. Police were empowered to enforce the measures, and the Coronavirus Act 2020 gave all four governments emergency powers not used since the Second World War. There has been variation in the outbreak’s severity in each of the four nations. The UK government enforced a England-wide lockdown for four weeks mostly during November. In December the UK became first country toAuthorise the tozinamerans vaccine.