Buckton Castle

Buckton Castle was a medieval enclosure castle near Carrbrook in Stalybridge, Greater Manchester, England. It was surrounded by a 2. 8-metre-wide stone curtain wall and a ditch 10 metres wide by 6 metres deep. Buckton is one of the earliest stone castles in North West England and only survives as buried remains overgrown with heather and peat. The site was used as an anti-aircraft decoy site during the Second World War.

About Buckton Castle in brief

Summary Buckton CastleBuckton Castle was a medieval enclosure castle near Carrbrook in Stalybridge, Greater Manchester, England. It was surrounded by a 2. 8-metre-wide stone curtain wall and a ditch 10 metres wide by 6 metres deep. Buckton is one of the earliest stone castles in North West England and only survives as buried remains overgrown with heather and peat. The earliest surviving record of the site dates from 1360, by which time it was lying derelict. In the 16th century, the site may have been used as a beacon for the Pilgrimage of Grace. During the 18th century the castle was of interest to treasure hunters following rumours that gold and silver had been discovered at Buckton. The site was used as an anti-aircraft decoy site during the Second World War. The castle, close to the Buckton Vale Quarry, is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. It is likely that Buckton was built by the earl of Cheshire who was permitted to build castles in the county. Based on comparison to Pilil Castle in Derbyshire, where construction of the great tower cost £184–1177, it is estimated that the work atbuckton would have cost around £100 close to median annual income for a Cheshire resident in 1200. As is the case with many 12th century castles, there is no record of how much it cost to build Buckton Castle, but it is likely to have cost over £75–1175.

The medieval manor of Tintwistle was a division of land administered by a Lord of the Manor or his representative; in TintWistle’s case, it was part of the larger lordship of Longdendale. Both the castle and valley were in the medieval manors of TINTwistle. The castle is on a hill 335 metres above sea level on Buckton Hill, a steep sandstone ridge. To the south and west are the valleys of the Carr Brook and River Tame respectively. To the north and north-east of the castle are areas of moorland with he Heather and pea. It became more common to use stone in 12th-century castles, and Buckton is amongst the earliest masonry castles inNorth West England. Cheshire has far fewer castles per square kilometre than Herefordshire and Shropshire, which were also on the Anglo-Welsh border, and most of the county’s castles are close to western border where the historically richer parts of the Cheshire are concentrated. The county is mostly lowland, and Beeston is the only other castle in the area that rises as prominently above the surrounding landscape.