The first use of bombs dropped from an aircraft occurred in the Italo-Turkish War. The first purpose built bombers were the Italian Caproni Ca 30 and British Bristol T. B. 8, both of 1913. There are two major classifications of bomber: strategic and tactical.
About Bomber in brief
The first use of bombs dropped from an aircraft occurred in the Italo-Turkish War. The first purpose built bombers were the Italian Caproni Ca 30 and British Bristol T. B. 8, both of 1913. There are two major classifications of bomber: strategic and tactical. Strategic bombing is done by heavy bombers primarily designed for long-range bombing missions against strategic targets. Tactical bombing is typically assigned to smaller aircraft operating at shorter ranges, typically near the troops on the ground or against enemy shipping. The role is filled by tactical bomber class, which crosses and blurs with various other aircraft categories: light bombers, medium bombers, dive bombers, interdictors, fighter-bombers, attack aircraft, multirole combat aircraft, and others. With the advent of ICBM’s the role of the bomber was brought to a more tactical focus in close air support roles, and a focus on stealth technology for strategic bombers. Current examples include the strategic nuclear-armed bombers: B-2 Spirit, B-52 Stratofortress, Tupolev Tu-95 ‘Bear’, Tupoler Tu-22M ‘Backfire’ and Tupolevs Tu-160 ‘Blackjack’ The first air-dropped bomb was carried out by Italian Second Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti on 1 November 1911 in Libya, although his plane was not designed for the task of bombing, and his improvised attack on Ottoman positions at Ainzzarra had little impact.
On 16 October 1912, observer Prodan Tarakchiev dropped two of those bombs on the Turkish railway station of Karağaç from an Albatros F. 2 aircraft piloted by Radul Milkov, for the first time in this campaign. This is deemed to be the firstUse of an aircraft as a bomber. Early airships were more prone to disaster, but slowly became more rigid, with a stronger skin and a more rigid structure. The airship, or dirigible, was developed in the early 20th century, and was sent to France following the outbreak of war in 1914. Under the command of Charles Rumney, a bombing attack on German gun batteries at Middelkerke, Belgium was executed on 25 November 1914. The aircraft was purchased for use by the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps, and three T.B. 8s were fitted with bombsight in the lower forward fuselage capable of carrying 12 10lb bombs, which could be dropped singly or as a front line salvo. The planes were used in the First World War and Second World War by all major airforces causing devastating damage to cities, towns and rural areas.