1880 Democratic National Convention
The 1880 Democratic National Convention was held June 22 to 24, 1880, at the Music Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio. Winfield S. Hancock of Pennsylvania was nominated for president and William H. English of Indiana for vice president. In 1876, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio defeated Democrat Samuel J. Tilden of New York in the most hotly contested election to that time in the nation’s history.
About 1880 Democratic National Convention in brief
The 1880 Democratic National Convention was held June 22 to 24, 1880, at the Music Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio. Winfield S. Hancock of Pennsylvania was nominated for president and William H. English of Indiana for vice president. In 1876, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio defeated Democrat Samuel J. Tilden of New York in the most hotly contested election to that time in the nation’s history. The monetary issue played a large role in selecting the nominees in 1880, but had little effect on the general election campaign in 1880. The issue cut across parties, producing dissension among Republicans and Democrats alike and spawning a third party, the Greenback Party, in 1876. In the meantime, issues of tariff reform and the gold standard divided the country and the major parties. After the Civil War, Congress raised protective tariffs to new heights, partly to pay for the war, but partly because high tariffs were popular in the North. Republicans supported high tariffs as a way to protect American jobs and increase prosperity, while Democrats, generally, saw them as making them expensive and adding much revenue to the federal government. Northern Democrats supported high tariff for the same economic reasons that their Republican neighbors did, while Democratic platforms called for a tariff only, so their speakers avoided the question as much as possible. The debate over tariffs would come to play a much larger role in the campaign, and the issue was far from settled by the 1880 convention.
By the 1880 Convention, the U.S. money was backed by gold alone, but the issue had not been settled by that time, and it was still a source of division in the country. of the presidency to the Republican Party, the election of 1876 was a hotly contested one. Most Democrats believed Tilde had been robbed of the president, and he became the leading candidate for nomination. The first round of balloting was inconclusive. Before the second round, Tilen’s withdrawal from the campaign became known for certain and delegates flocked to Hancock, who was nominated. The second round was also chosen. The election for president was decided by a bi-partisan Electoral Commission, which ultimately decided the race for Hayes. that autumn. Hayes won the election by a narrow margin of 2,000 electoral votes to 1,000 votes. Hayes was inaugurated as president in January 1881. A disciple of former president Martin Van Buren, Tilder was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1846, and returned to the Democratic Party before returning to the Free Soil Party in 1848. He was a successful lawyer and had accumulated a considerable fortune. He was also a member of the Free, Soil faction of the New Jersey Democratic Party. He died in 1874, and was buried in New York. His son, Samuel J., was elected as a New York City mayor in 1875. Samuel J, was a former New York state representative and served as mayor of Manhattan.