United States Marshals Service
The United States Marshals Service is a federal law enforcement agency in the United States. The USMS as it stands today was established in 1969 to provide guidance and assistance to U.S. Marshals throughout the federal judicial districts. The Marshals are responsible for the protection of judges and other judicial personnel, the administration of fugitive operations, and the execution of federal arrest warrants.
About United States Marshals Service in brief
The United States Marshals Service is a federal law enforcement agency in the United States. The USMS as it stands today was established in 1969 to provide guidance and assistance to U.S. Marshals throughout the federal judicial districts. The Marshals are responsible for the protection of judges and other judicial personnel, the administration of fugitive operations, the management of criminal assets, and the execution of federal arrest warrants. The office of United States Marshal was created by the First Congress on September 24, 1789. For over 100 years marshals were patronage jobs, typically controlled by the district judge. Many of the first US Marshals had already proven themselves in military service during the American Revolution. During the American Frontier, marshals served as the main source of day-to-day law enforcement in areas that had no local government of their own. They distributed presidential proclamations, collected statistical information on commerce and manufacturing, supplied the names of government employees for the central government to effectively function. They also disbursed funds as ordered by the courts. The largest part of the business was paper work, serving writs, making arrests and handling all federal prisoners. The marshals took the national census through every decade through 1870 through the end of the 19th century. They were instrumental in keeping the law and order in the West and in the settlement of the American West in the early 1800s. They are no longer employed by the federal government and have been replaced by state and local law enforcement agencies. They no longer serve in any capacity in any state or local government.
They have been removed from office at pleasure, but are still allowed to serve in the federal courts for a term of four years. The U. S. Marshal’s Office is a bureau within the Department of Justice, operating under the direction of the Attorney General, but serves as the enforcement arm of the United states federal courts to ensure the effective operation of the judiciary and integrity of the Constitution. It is the oldest federal law-enforcement agency in existence. It was established by the Judiciary Act of 1789 during the presidency of George Washington as the \”Office of theUnited States Marshal\”. It was created to execute all lawful warrants issued to him under the authority of the United States. It has also provided unique security and enforcement services including protecting African-American students enrolling in the South during the civil rights movement, escort security for United States Air Force LGM-30 Minuteman missile convoys, and law enforcement for the United States Antarctic Program, and protection of the Strategic National Stockpile. Marshals were also authorized to swear in a posse to assist with manhunts, and other duties, ad hoc. The law defined marshals as officers of the courts charged with assisting federal courts in their law- enforcement functions, and he shall have the power to command all necessary assistance in the Execution of his duty, and to appoint as shall be occasion, one or more deputies. The critical Supreme Court decision affirming the legal power of the federal marshals was made in In re Neagle, 135 U. S. 1.